Haggai chapter 1

Haggai calls them to rebuild the temple. The leaders agree to rebuild the temple.

 


 

HAGGAI CALLS THEM TO REBUILD THE TEMPLE

 

VERSE 1. In the second year of Darius the king, in the sixth month, in the first day of the month, the LORD’s word came by Haggai the prophet, to Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to Joshua the son of Jehozadak, the high priest, saying,

the second year of Darius the king. This date was August 29, 520 BC.

Haggai is ministering during the times of the Gentiles. Thus he dates his prophecy according to king Darius of Persia, and not according to a Jewish calendar.

the LORD. When rendered in ALL CAPITAL LETTERS, “LORD” or “GOD” is the translation of God’s Proper Name.

by Haggai the prophet. Haggai refers to himself in these simple words. We know nothing of his parentage or genealogy.

His name is derived from the Hebrew word khag. Apparently it means “festive” or “festival.”

In Haggai 2:3, he refers to the temple of Solomon. That could possibly mean he witnessed it being destroyed in 586 BC. If so, Haggai is an elderly prophet.

to Zerubbabel … and to Joshua. This first message is directed to the two leaders: Zerubbabel the governor, and Joshua the high priest.

 

VERSE 2. “This is what the LORD of Hosts says: These people say, ‘The time hasn’t yet come, the time for the LORD’s house to be built.’ ”

the LORD of Hosts. This message is from “the LORD of Hosts.” That means “the LORD of armies.”

Haggai used this title (“the LORD of Hosts”) 14 times.

These people. Haggai refers to Judah as “these people” rather than “My people.” It implies a rebuke.

The time hasn’t yet come. They were delaying the building of the temple.

 

VERSE 3. Then the LORD’s word came by Haggai the prophet, saying,

 

VERSE 4. “Is it a time for you yourselves to dwell in your paneled houses, while this house lies waste?

dwell in your paneled houses. The people were selfish and indulgent. They were living for themselves. They were indifferent to the things of God.

Seeking the kingdom of God is to be our number one priority. Yet for many of us, our use of time and money show that it is a low priority. Read more »

 

VERSE 5. Now therefore this is what the LORD of Hosts says: ‘Consider your ways.

Consider your ways. They are in the wrong. It is time for them to realize it.

 

VERSE 6. You have sown much, and bring in little. You eat, but you don’t have enough. You drink, but you aren’t filled with drink. You clothe yourselves, but no one is warm; and he who earns wages earns wages to put them into a bag with holes in it.’

NIV translation. You have planted much, but have harvested little. You eat, but never have enough. You drink, but never have your fill. You put on clothes, but are not warm. You earn wages, only to put them in a purse with holes in it.

NLT translation. You have planted much but harvest little. You eat but are not satisfied. You drink but are still thirsty. You put on clothes but cannot keep warm. Your wages disappear as though you were putting them in pockets filled with holes!

Sadly, this verse describes the lives of many people.

 

VERSE 7. “This is what the LORD of Hosts says: ‘Consider your ways.

Consider your ways. They are in the wrong. It is time for them to realize it.

 

VERSE 8. Go up to the mountain, bring wood, and build the house. I will take pleasure in it, and I will be glorified,” says the LORD.

 

VERSE 9. “You looked for much, and, behold, it came to little; and when you brought it home, I blew it away. Why?” says the LORD of Hosts, “Because of my house that lies waste, while each of you is busy with his own house.

behold. This is from the Hebrew word הִנֵּה. It means look at, take notice, observe, see, or gaze at. It is often used as an interjection.

each of you is busy with his own house. It had been 18 years since king Cyrus freed them so they could go home and rebuild the temple.

But they did not rebuild the temple for 18 years. They should take care of the house of the LORD God first.

Seeking the kingdom of God is to be our number one priority. Yet for many of us, our use of time and money show that it is a low priority. Read more »

 

VERSE 10. Therefore for your sake the heavens withhold the dew, and the earth withholds its fruit.

 

VERSE 11. I called for a drought on the land, on the mountains, on the grain, on the new wine, on the oil, on that which the ground produces, on men, on livestock, and on all the labor of the hands.”

I called for a drought. Because they did not build the temple, there was a drought.

 

THE LEADERS AGREE TO REBUILD THE TEMPLE

 

VERSE 12. Then Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel and Joshua the son of Jehozadak, the high priest, with all the remnant of the people, obeyed the LORD their God’s voice, and the words of Haggai the prophet, as the LORD their God, had sent him; and the people feared the LORD.

Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel. He is the governor of Judah.

Joshua the son of Jehozadak. He is the high priest.

obeyed. The leaders heed the rebuke from Haggai. They agree to build the temple.

the LORD their God. The Hebrew word rendered “God” is אֱלֹהִ֑ים (“Elohim”).

 

VERSE 13. Then Haggai, the LORD’s messenger, spoke the LORD’s message to the people, saying, “I am with you,” says the LORD.

I am with you.  The LORD God promises to be with us always, even to the ends of the world. Read more »

 

VERSE 14. The LORD stirred up the spirit of Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and the spirit of Joshua the son of Jehozadak, the high priest, and the spirit of all the remnant of the people; and they came and worked on the house of the LORD of Hosts, their God,

the remnant of the people. The Bible describes a uniquely faithful group of believers called “the remnant.” Are they Jewish or Christians? Now or in the future? Who are they really? Read more »

 

VERSE 15. in the twenty-fourth day of the month, in the sixth month, in the second year of Darius the king.

This date was September 21, 520 BC.

 


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HAGGAI

CHAPTERS: 01, 02

RESOURCES: Summary, Outline, Memorize

Unless otherwise noted, all Bible quotations on this page are from the World English Bible and the World Messianic Edition. These translations have no copyright restrictions. They are in the Public Domain.


 

Author: todd

At Explore the Faith, I share insights into the Bible and theological writings. If you like what I write, become my partner by donating. Help me reach the world for the Lord Jesus Christ.