Joshua chapter 10

Five kings attack Gibeon. Joshua stops the flow of time. Joshua kills the five kings. Joshua exterminates seven more cities.

 


 

FIVE KINGS ATTACK GIBEON

 

VERSE 1. Now when Adoni-Zedek king of Jerusalem heard how Joshua had taken Ai, and had utterly destroyed it; as he had done to Jericho and her king, so he had done to Ai and her king; and how the inhabitants of Gibeon had made peace with Israel, and were among them,

 

VERSE 2. they were very afraid, because Gibeon was a great city, as one of the royal cities, and because it was greater than Ai, and all its men were mighty.

 

VERSE 3. Therefore Adoni-Zedek king of Jerusalem sent to Hoham king of Hebron, Piram king of Jarmuth, Japhia king of Lachish, and Debir king of Eglon, saying,

The king of Jerusalem forms an alliance with four other cities: Hebron, Jarmuth, Lachish, and Eglon.

 

VERSE 4. “Come up to me and help me. Let’s strike Gibeon; for they have made peace with Joshua and with the children of Israel.”

Let’s strike Gibeon. The goal of the alliance is to attack Gibeon.

 

VERSE 5. Therefore the five kings of the Amorites, the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, and the king of Eglon, gathered themselves together and went up, they and all their armies, and encamped against Gibeon, and made war against it.

 

VERSE 6. The men of Gibeon sent to Joshua at the camp at Gilgal, saying, “Don’t abandon your servants! Come up to us quickly and save us! Help us; for all the kings of the Amorites that dwell in the hill country have gathered together against us.”

Don’t abandon your servants! The army of Gibeon calls for reinforcement. They ask Israel to save them.

 

VERSE 7. So Joshua went up from Gilgal, he, and the whole army with him, including all the mighty men of valor.

the whole army. Joshua takes the entire army with him to defend the Gibeonites.

That seems tactically unwise. He leaves his own nation unguarded.

 

VERSE 8. The LORD said to Joshua, “Don’t fear them, for I have delivered them into your hands. Not a man of them will stand before you.”

Don’t fear them. The LORD God favors Joshua.

 

VERSE 9. Joshua therefore came to them suddenly. He marched from Gilgal all night.

 

VERSE 10. The LORD confused them before Israel. He killed them with a great slaughter at Gibeon, and chased them by the way of the ascent of Beth Horon, and struck them to Azekah and to Makkedah.

a great slaughter. Joshua has a decisive victory against the combined armies of these five cities.

 

VERSE 11. As they fled from before Israel, while they were at the descent of Beth Horon, the LORD hurled down great stones from the sky on them to Azekah, and they died. There were more who died from the hailstones than those whom the children of Israel killed with the sword.

 

JOSHUA STOPS THE FLOW OF TIME

 

VERSE 12. Then Joshua spoke to the LORD in the day when the LORD delivered up the Amorites before the children of Israel. He said in the sight of Israel, “Sun, stand still on Gibeon! You, moon, stop in the valley of Aijalon!”

NIV translation. On that day, when the LORD delivered up the Amorites to the Israelites, Joshua prayed to the LORD, and said in the presence of Israel: Stand still, O sun, at Gibeon, O moon, in the valley of Aijalon.

This verse is fantastic! Would you consider memorizing it? More great verses to memorize from the Book of Joshua and from the entire Bible.

He said in the sight of Israel. Joshua says this preposterous thing in the hearing of the entire nation. He risks failure before everybody.

Sun, stand still on Gibeon! Joshua commands the sun to stop!

moon, stop in the valley of Aijalon! Joshua commands the moon to stop!

This is a preposterously great step of faith!

 

VERSE 13. The sun stood still, and the moon stayed, until the nation had avenged themselves of their enemies. Isn’t this written in the book of Jashar? The sun stayed in the middle of the sky, and didn’t hurry to go down about a whole day.

NAB translation. And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed.

This verse is fantastic! Would you consider memorizing it? More great verses to memorize from the Book of Joshua and from the entire Bible.

The sun stood still. The miracle happens. The sun actually stops.

the moon stayed. The miracle happens. The moon actually stops.

 

VERSE 14. There was no day like that before it or after it, that the LORD listened to the voice of a man; for the LORD fought for Israel.

the LORD listened to the voice of a man. The doer of this great miracle is the LORD God. But Joshua dared to call it forth.

 

JOSHUA KILLS THE FIVE KINGS

 

VERSE 15. Joshua returned, and all Israel with him, to the camp to Gilgal.

 

VERSE 16. These five kings fled, and hid themselves in the cave at Makkedah.

These five kings fled. The kings do not stay with their armies. Instead, they hide in safety, while their armies flee for their lives.

 

VERSE 17. Joshua was told, saying, “The five kings have been found, hidden in the cave at Makkedah.”

hidden in the cave. The body of the Lord Jesus Christ was placed in a sort of cave:

Matthew 27:60. and laid it in his own new tomb, which he had cut out in the rock, and he rolled a great stone against the door of the tomb, and departed.

 

VERSE 18. Joshua said, “Roll large stones to cover the cave’s entrance, and set men by it to guard them;

Roll large stones to cover the cave’s entrance. The opening to the tomb of the Lord Jesus Christ was blocked with a large stone:

Matthew 27:60. and laid it in his own new tomb, which he had cut out in the rock, and he rolled a great stone against the door of the tomb, and departed.

set men by it to guard them. After the body of the Lord Jesus Christ was buried in the tomb, a cohort of soldiers was sent as guards:

Matthew 27:66. So they went with the guard and made the tomb secure, sealing the stone.

 

VERSE 19. but don’t stay there. Pursue your enemies, and attack them from the rear. Don’t allow them to enter into their cities; for the LORD your God has delivered them into your hand.”

Pursue your enemies. The enemies are fleeing for their lives. But Israel cannot let them escape.

attack them from the rear. Israel chases after their enemies, aiming to attack them from behind.

 

VERSE 20. When Joshua and the children of Israel had finished killing them with a very great slaughter until they were consumed, and the remnant which remained of them had entered into the fortified cities,

a very great slaughter. Joshua is given a decisive victory.

 

VERSE 21. all the people returned to the camp to Joshua at Makkedah in peace. None moved his tongue against any of the children of Israel.

 

VERSE 22. Then Joshua said, “Open the cave entrance, and bring those five kings out of the cave to me.”

 

VERSE 23. They did so, and brought those five kings out of the cave to him: the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, and the king of Eglon.

 

VERSE 24. When they brought those kings out to Joshua, Joshua called for all the men of Israel, and said to the chiefs of the men of war who went with him, “Come near. Put your feet on the necks of these kings.” They came near, and put their feet on their necks.

 

VERSE 25. Joshua said to them, “Don’t be afraid, nor be dismayed. Be strong and courageous, for the LORD will do this to all your enemies against whom you fight.”

 

VERSE 26. Afterward Joshua struck them, put them to death, and hanged them on five trees. They were hanging on the trees until the evening.

Joshua struck them. Joshua himself did the killing.

Joshua is unlike the cowardly kings of the five cities. They ran away from combat and hid. But Joshua leads the army into battle.

 

VERSE 27. At the time of the going down of the sun, Joshua commanded, and they took them down off the trees, and threw them into the cave in which they had hidden themselves, and laid great stones on the mouth of the cave, which remain to this very day.

to this very day. That is, the day when this text was written.

 

JOSHUA EXTERMINATES SEVEN MORE CITIES

 

VERSE 28. Joshua took Makkedah on that day, and struck it with the edge of the sword, with its king. He utterly destroyed it and all the souls who were in it. He left no one remaining. He did to the king of Makkedah as he had done to the king of Jericho.

Joshua took Makkedah. Joshua exterminates this city.

 

VERSE 29. Joshua passed from Makkedah, and all Israel with him, to Libnah, and fought against Libnah.

 

VERSE 30. The LORD delivered it also, with its king, into the hand of Israel. He struck it with the edge of the sword, and all the souls who were in it. He left no one remaining in it. He did to its king as he had done to the king of Jericho.

The LORD delivered it also. Joshua exterminates this city also.

 

VERSE 31. Joshua passed from Libnah, and all Israel with him, to Lachish, and encamped against it, and fought against it.

 

VERSE 32. The LORD delivered Lachish into the hand of Israel. He took it on the second day, and struck it with the edge of the sword, with all the souls who were in it, according to all that he had done to Libnah.

The LORD delivered Lachish. Joshua exterminates this city also.

 

VERSE 33. Then Horam king of Gezer came up to help Lachish; and Joshua struck him and his people, until he had left him no one remaining.

Gezer. Joshua exterminates this city also.

 

VERSE 34. Joshua passed from Lachish, and all Israel with him, to Eglon; and they encamped against it and fought against it.

Lachish. Joshua exterminates this city also.

 

VERSE 35. They took it on that day, and struck it with the edge of the sword. He utterly destroyed all the souls who were in it that day, according to all that he had done to Lachish.

 

VERSE 36. Joshua went up from Eglon, and all Israel with him, to Hebron; and they fought against it.

Eglon. Joshua exterminates this city also.

 

VERSE 37. They took it, and struck it with the edge of the sword, with its king and all its cities, and all the souls who were in it. He left no one remaining, according to all that he had done to Eglon; but he utterly destroyed it, and all the souls who were in it.

 

VERSE 38. Joshua returned, and all Israel with him, to Debir, and fought against it.

Debir. Joshua exterminates this city also.

 

VERSE 39. He took it, with its king and all its cities. They struck them with the edge of the sword, and utterly destroyed all the souls who were in it. He left no one remaining. As he had done to Hebron, so he did to Debir, and to its king; as he had done also to Libnah, and to its king.

 

VERSE 40. So Joshua struck all the land, the hill country, the South, the lowland, the slopes, and all their kings. He left no one remaining, but he utterly destroyed all that breathed, as the LORD, the God of Israel, commanded.

 

VERSE 41. Joshua struck them from Kadesh Barnea even to Gaza, and all the country of Goshen, even to Gibeon.

 

VERSE 42. Joshua took all these kings and their land at one time because the LORD, the God of Israel, fought for Israel.

 

VERSE 43. Joshua returned, and all Israel with him, to the camp to Gilgal.

 


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JOSHUA

CHAPTERS: 01, 02, 03, 04, 05, 06, 07, 08, 09, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

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Unless otherwise noted, all Bible quotations on this page are from the World English Bible and the World Messianic Edition. These translations have no copyright restrictions. They are in the Public Domain.