Paul offers his final advice, hoping the Corinthians will do as he says. Otherwise he will have to confront their many problems in person. [UPDATED]
VERSE 1. This is the third time I am coming to you. “At the mouth of two or three witnesses shall every word be established.”
two or three witnesses:
Deuteronomy 19:15. One witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, in any sin that he sins. At the mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three witnesses, shall a matter be established.
VERSE 2. I have said beforehand, and I do say beforehand, as when I was present the second time, so now, being absent, I write to those who have sinned before now, and to all the rest, that, if I come again, I will not spare;
if I come again, I will not spare. If Paul travels to Corinth, it will be to clean up the mess. He will be laying down the law.
VERSE 3. seeing that you seek a proof of Christ who speaks in me; who toward you is not weak, but is powerful in you.
you seek a proof. They had been seduced by the false apostles into demanding proof that Paul was a real apostle of Jesus Christ.
VERSE 4. For he was crucified through weakness, yet he lives through the power of God. For we also are weak in him, but we will live with him through the power of God toward you.
VERSE 5. Examine your own selves, whether you are in the faith. Test your own selves. Or don’t you know about your own selves, that Jesus Christ is in you?—unless indeed you are disqualified.
Examine your own selves What does it mean to test yourself to see if you are in the faith?
Jesus Christ is in you. We are to examine ourselves to see whether we are in the faith. Does Jesus Christ live in you? Read more »
VERSE 6. But I hope that you will know that we aren’t disqualified.
VERSE 7. Now I pray to God that you do no evil; not that we may appear approved, but that you may do that which is honorable, though we are as reprobate.
VERSE 8. For we can do nothing against the truth, but for the truth.
VERSE 9. For we rejoice when we are weak and you are strong. We also pray for this: your becoming perfect.
we rejoice when we are weak. It is when we are weak that Jesus Christ can be strong in us:
2 Corinthians 12:9. He has said to me, “My grace is sufficient for you, for my power is made perfect in weakness.” Most gladly therefore I will rather glory in my weaknesses, that the power of Christ may rest on me.
VERSE 10. For this cause I write these things while absent, that I may not deal sharply when present, according to the authority which the Lord gave me for building up, and not for tearing down.
I write these things. This verse provides the ultimate purpose of this Second Letter to the Corinthians.
while absent. A great deal of fraternal correction of the believers in Corinth needed to take place. Paul hoped to accomplish it all by means of his letters. That way:
not deal sharply when present. Paul did not want to have to do any fraternal correction during his visit to Corinth.
VERSE 11. Finally, brothers, rejoice! Be perfected. Be comforted. Be of the same mind. Live in peace, and the God of love and peace will be with you.
Be of the same mind. This is a call to unity.
VERSE 12. Greet one another with a holy kiss.
the saints. When he wrote this Letter, Paul was staying with the believers in Macedonia. They send their unified greetings.
VERSE 14. The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, God’s love, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all. Amen.
Lord Jesus Christ … God … Holy Spirit. Where is the Holy Trinity defined or alluded to in the New Testament? Here are the verses we found.
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