The Book of Nahum is a prophetic work. It announces the fall of Nineveh due to its terrible atrocities, and it comforts Judah.
The book is named for its author.
All we know about the identity of the author is that his name is Nahum the Elkoshite.
The word “Nahum” means “consolation” or “comfort.”
The word “Elkoshite” suggests that Nahum’s hometown is Elkosh.
However, in our day, the site of such a city is unknown. It might have been located in southern Judah.
The book was written between 663 and 612 BC, based on these two observations:
Observation 1. The fall of Thebes is mentioned in Nahum 3:8. Since that event occurred in 663 BC, the book was written after that date.
Observation 2. The fall of Nineveh is predicted by Nahum. Since that event occurred in 612 BC, the book was written prior to that date.
Nahum wrote a prophetic work. It threatens Nineveh for its terrible atrocities, and it comforts Judah.
The purpose of the Book of Nahum is to announce the fall of Nineveh, and to comfort Judah with the assurance that the LORD God is in control.
Unless otherwise noted, all Bible quotations on this page are from the World English Bible and the World Messianic Edition. These translations have no copyright restrictions. They are in the Public Domain.