1 Peter chapter 3

How a wife can convert her husband. How a husband can love his wife. Do no evil. The Ministry of Apologetics. Jesus Christ suffered for our sins.





VERSE 1. In the same way, wives, be in subjection to your own husbands; so that, even if any don’t obey the Word, they may be won by the behavior of their wives without a word,

if any don’t obey the Word. The motive for a Christian woman to live in the way described here is that she will convert her unbelieving husband into a Christian believer.

they may be won. This is sometimes called “missionary dating.”

without a word. Peter is convinced that within a marriage, the best testimony is a godly life, rather than a testimony of words.

However, outside of the marriage setting, Peter constantly speaks about Jesus Christ and urges us to do the same.


VERSE 2. seeing your pure behavior in fear.

NLT translation: “by observing your pure and reverent lives.”


VERSE 3. Let your beauty be not just the outward adorning of braiding the hair, and of wearing jewels of gold, or of putting on fine clothing;

not just. Peter does not forbid outward adornment.

Most societies exert considerable pressure on women to conform to certain standards of appearance. If the woman does not conform, she will probably not be successful.

outward adorning. A person’s real beauty is from within. It does not consist solely of their outward appearance.


VERSE 4. but in the hidden person of the heart, in the incorruptible adornment of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is very precious in the sight of God.


VERSE 5. For this is how in the past, the holy women who hoped in God also adorned themselves, being in subjection to their own husbands.


VERSE 6. So Sarah obeyed Abraham, calling him lord, whose children you now are, if you do well, and are not put in fear by any terror.

not put in fear by any terror.  The Greek word for “fear” is hptoêsin. It means “terror.”

This probably alludes to a husband terrorizing his wife. He puts her in chronic fear.




VERSE 7. You husbands, in the same way, live with your wives according to knowledge, giving honor to the woman, as to the weaker vessel, as also being joint heirs of the grace of life, that your prayers may not be hindered.

giving honor to the woman. A husband is called to “honor” his wife. A husband who does not honor his wife is an unbiblical man.

the weaker vessel. This probably refers to physical strength. In every other way women are the equal of men:

Galatians 3:28. There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free man, there is neither male nor female; for you are all one in Christ Jesus.

Ephesians 5:21. subjecting yourselves to one another in the fear of Christ.

1 Peter 3:7. You husbands, in the same way, live with your wives according to knowledge, giving honor to the woman, as to the weaker vessel, as also being joint heirs of the grace of life, that your prayers may not be hindered.

Gender bias is hostile to Jesus Christ. When it comes to gender bias, we Christians have often been the most egregious offenders. It is time for us to change our behavior. Read more »

joint heirs of the grace of life. Women are not subordinated to men. A man is not an intermediary between God and a woman.

Rather, women and men are join heirs of eternal life. Many Christian men get these things wrong.

that your prayers may not be hindered. A man who does not honor his wife will find that his prayer life will be hindered.

God will stop answering his prayers. His mystical closeness to God will be impeded.




VERSE 8. Finally, all of you be like-minded, compassionate, loving as brothers, tender hearted, courteous,

like-minded. Christians are to live in harmony with each other.


VERSE 9. not rendering evil for evil, or insult for insult; but instead blessing, knowing that you were called to this, that you may inherit a blessing.


VERSE 10. For, “He who would love life and see good days, let him keep his tongue from evil and his lips from speaking deceit.

speaking deceit. The virtues described above will help us to speak truthfully.


VERSE 11. Let him turn away from evil and do good. Let him seek peace and pursue it.


VERSE 12. For the eyes of the Lord are on the righteous, and his ears open to their prayer; but the face of the Lord is against those who do evil.”




VERSE 13. Now who will harm you if you become imitators of that which is good?


VERSE 14. But even if you should suffer for righteousness’ sake, you are blessed. “Don’t fear what they fear, neither be troubled.”


VERSE 15. But sanctify the Lord God in your hearts. Always be ready to give an answer to everyone who asks you a reason concerning the hope that is in you, with humility and fear,

Always be ready to give an answer. If you’re living the Christian life, people will eventually ask you questions. By memorizing key Bible verses, you can always be ready! Read more »


VERSE 16. having a good conscience. Thus, while you are spoken against as evildoers, they may be disappointed who curse your good way of life in Christ.


VERSE 17. For it is better, if it is God’s will, that you suffer for doing well than for doing evil.



SUMMARY: People everywhere are familiar with suffering. We humans wonder why we suffer. That leads Peter to a discussion of the suffering of Jesus Christ. Why did he suffer?


VERSE 18. Because Christ also suffered for sins once, the righteous for the unrighteous, that he might bring you to God, being put to death in the flesh, but made alive in the Spirit,

This verse is fantastic! Would you consider memorizing it? More great verses to memorize from the First Letter of Peter and from the entire Bible.

You know about suffering. And so does Jesus Christ. You have suffered, and Jesus Christ suffered. His was true suffering, not just pretend, not just acting. He was familiar with suffering.

On that day that has the puzzling name of “Good” Friday, he suffered once for all time. Jesus Christ isn’t perpetually suffering on the cross. It was once and it was for all time. It won’t be repeated. There is no need for it to be repeated. It was completely sufficient.

Jesus Christ didn’t deserve the cross. He committed no crime. He never sinned. Instead, he died for sinners, sinners like you and me. He was the sinless one dying for us sinners, the innocent lamb led to the slaughter.

Jesus Christ was shamed with a false accusation. He was prosecuted as a criminal. He was tortured, so severely that he hardly looked human any more. He was nailed to the cross and lifted high for all to scorn. He called out to God the Father with loud cries and tears (see Hebrews 5:7).

Hebrews 5:7. He, in the days of his flesh, having offered up prayers and petitions with strong crying and tears to him who was able to save him from death, and having been heard for his godly fear,

He died for us, for me and for you. Why? To bring you safely home to God.

Some people look at the cross and reflexively think about themselves. They feel guilt. They feel they put Jesus Christ there because they were such a terrible person, that God was so angry with us that he had to torture and kill his own Son.

But instead, how about this: when you think about the cross, think about God’s love. Think about Christ’s motive. What was it like, from his perspective? This verse (1 Peter 3:18) says he died to bring you safely home to God. The cross is a good thing.

On that cross, he suffered physical death. Jesus Christ truly died. His death wasn’t a deception. It wasn’t a magician’s trick. It wasn’t a stage act. Rather, it was the perfect sacrifice. At the cross we see the infinite mercy of God, mercy for sinners like you and me.

After that supreme confrontation and death came the greatest victory in the history of the universe, the moment of resurrection, when Jesus Christ was raised to life in the Spirit. This was total victory for all time, past, present and future. It was total victory for all people who will ever exist.

Anyone can approach this supreme victor, saint or sinner, Christian believer or not. He was crucified for you and for me and for everybody. The Letter to the Hebrews says this:

Hebrews 4:16. Let us confidently approach the throne of grace to receive what he is so ready to give. (our paraphrase)

In your mind’s eye, look at the cross. Look at that throne of grace. See how loved you are. See how important you are. Look at what great blessings are yours, how much divine favor is yours. Sense God’s great love for the world. Sense God’s great love for you.

Don’t be afraid; be filled with confidence. Jesus Christ desires your faith and friendship, your love and trust in him. He gave his all for you.

And he gave it once for all:

Sirach 34:19. The Most High has no pleasure in the offerings of the ungodly; Neither is he pacified for sins by the multitude of sacrifices.

Romans 6:10. For the death that he died, he died to sin one time; but the life that he lives, he lives to God.

1 Peter 3:18. Because Christ also suffered for sins once, the righteous for the unrighteous, that he might bring you to God, being put to death in the flesh, but made alive in the Spirit,

the righteous for the unrighteous:

Acts 3:14. But you denied the Holy and Righteous One and asked for a murderer to be granted to you,

Acts 7:52. Which of the prophets didn’t your fathers persecute? They killed those who foretold the coming of the Righteous One, of whom you have now become betrayers and murderers.

James 5:6. You have condemned and you have murdered the righteous one. He doesn’t resist you.

1 Peter 3:18. Because Christ also suffered for sins once, the righteous for the unrighteous, that he might bring you to God, being put to death in the flesh, but made alive in the Spirit,

1 John 2:1. My little children, I write these things to you so that you may not sin. If anyone sins, we have a Counselor with the Father, Jesus Christ, the righteous.


VERSE 19. in whom he also went and preached to the spirits in prison,

the spirits. The Greek word is hpneumasin. It is usually applied to supernatural beings. However, in the next verse, it refers to the people who were disobedient while Noah built the ark.

in prison. Tradition holds that after Jesus Christ died, he triumphantly descended into Hell and freed the captives. This is called the “Harrowing of Hell.”

Isaiah 24:22. They will be gathered together, as prisoners are gathered in the pit, and will be shut up in the prison; and after many days they will be visited.

1 Peter 3:19. in whom he also went and preached to the spirits in prison,

1 Peter 4:6. For to this end the Good News was preached even to the dead, that they might be judged indeed as men in the flesh, but live as to God in the spirit.


VERSE 20. who before were disobedient, when God waited patiently in the days of Noah, while the ship was being built. In it, few, that is, eight souls, were saved through water.

saved through water. Noah and his family were saved through the waters of the flood. Analogously, Christians are saved through the waters of baptism.


VERSE 21. This is a symbol of baptism, which now saves you—not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward God, through the resurrection of Jesus Christ,


VERSE 22. who is at the right hand of God, having gone into heaven, angels and authorities and powers being made subject to him.


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Unless otherwise noted, all Bible quotations on this page are from the World English Bible and the World Messianic Edition. These translations have no copyright restrictions. They are in the Public Domain.


Author: todd

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