Athaliah becomes queen ruler in Judah. Jehoiada executes queen Athaliah. A seven year old child becomes king in Judah.
VERSE 1. Now when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the royal offspring.
she arose and destroyed all the royal offspring. That is, she “proceeded to annihilate all the royal heirs” (Holman Christian Standard Bible).
In other words, Athaliah executes all the royal children.
VERSE 2. But Jehosheba, the daughter of king Joram, sister of Ahaziah, took Joash the son of Ahaziah, and stole him away from among the king’s sons who were slain, even him and his nurse, and put them in the bedroom; and they hid him from Athaliah, so that he was not slain.
Jehosheba. She saves the life of young Joash.
Joash the son of Ahaziah. Thanks to the heroic deed of Jehosheba, young Joash will survive the massacre of the royal family by his grandmother Athaliah.
And thus Joash will be the sole surviving descendent of Ahaziah.
Athaliah reigned over the land. Athaliah is the queen-ruler of the nation.
VERSE 4. In the seventh year Jehoiada sent and fetched the captains over hundreds of the Carites and of the guard, and brought them to him into the LORD’s house; and he made a covenant with them, and made a covenant with them in the LORD’s house, and showed them the king’s son.
Jehoiada. He is a prominent priest during the reigns of Ahaziah, Athaliah, and Joash.
He became the brother-in-law of King Ahaziah as a result of his arranged marriage with princess Jehosheba.
VERSE 5. He commanded them, saying, “This is what you must do: a third of you, who come in on the Sabbath, shall be keepers of the watch of the king’s house;
VERSE 6. a third of you shall be at the gate Sur; and a third of you at the gate behind the guard. So you shall keep the watch of the house, and be a barrier.
VERSE 7. The two companies of you, even all who go out on the Sabbath, shall keep the watch of the LORD’s house around the king.
the king. Jehoiada is speaking of this child as if he were already anointed by a prophet as king.
VERSE 8. You shall surround the king, every man with his weapons in his hand; and he who comes within the ranks, let him be slain. Be with the king when he goes out, and when he comes in.”
surround the king. They are to be the Secret Service. They will act as human shields for the boy-king.
VERSE 9. The captains over hundreds did according to all that Jehoiada the priest commanded; and they each took his men, those who were to come in on the Sabbath with those who were to go out on the Sabbath, and came to Jehoiada the priest.
VERSE 10. The priest delivered to the captains over hundreds the spears and shields that had been king David’s, which were in the LORD’s house.
VERSE 11. The guard stood, every man with his weapons in his hand, from the right side of the house to the left side of the house, along by the altar and the house, around the king.
VERSE 12. Then he brought out the king’s son, and put the crown on him, and gave him the covenant; and they made him king and anointed him; and they clapped their hands, and said, “Long live the king!”
they made him king, and anointed him. In previous generations, only the prophets could designate the king.
Now that has been lost.
Now any self-designated gang can anoint a new king. They do not need to say anything about the revealed will of the LORD. It is merely the seizing of power.
Long live the king! Jehoiada the priest has made a seven-year-old child the sovereign king.
There were times when Israel was foolish enough to anoint a child as their king.
2 Kings 11:12. Then he brought out the king’s son, and put the crown on him, and gave him the covenant; and they made him king, and anointed him; and they clapped their hands, and said, “Long live the king!”
Ecclesiastes 10:16. Woe to you, land, when your king is a child, and your princes eat in the morning!
Isaiah 3:4. I will give boys to be their princes, and children shall rule over them.
VERSE 14. and she looked, and behold, the king stood by the pillar, as the tradition was, with the captains and the shofars by the king; and all the people of the land rejoiced, and blew shofars. Then Athaliah tore her clothes and cried, “Treason! Treason!”
shofars. That is, “trumpets.”
VERSE 15. Jehoiada the priest commanded the captains of hundreds who were set over the army, and said to them, “Bring her out between the ranks. Kill anyone who follows her with the sword.” For the priest said, “Don’t let her be slain in the LORD’s house.”
VERSE 16. So they seized her; and she went by the way of the horses’ entry to the king’s house, and she was slain there.
VERSE 18. All the people of the land went to the house of Baal, and broke it down. They broke his altars and his images in pieces thoroughly, and killed Mattan the priest of Baal before the altars. The priest appointed officers over the LORD’s house.
VERSE 19. He took the captains over hundreds, and the Carites, and the guard, and all the people of the land; and they brought down the king from the LORD’s house, and came by the way of the gate of the guard to the king’s house. He sat on the throne of the kings.
VERSE 20. So all the people of the land rejoiced, and the city was quiet. They had slain Athaliah with the sword at the king’s house.
They have selected a seven year old child as their sovereign ruler:
- This does not seems wise.
- Nor is it a recipe for success.
- Nor does it seem consistent with the will of the LORD God.
Unless otherwise noted, all Bible quotations on this page are from the World English Bible and the World Messianic Edition. These translations have no copyright restrictions. They are in the Public Domain.