Four stages of Mystical Prayer in Teresa of Avila

In her Autobiography, Teresa of Avila shares four stages of mystical prayer. Her goal is to inspire you to want to grow in these ways!

 


 

INTRODUCTION

 

Why did Teresa write about these four stages of mystical prayer? She put it this way:

my chief aim is to cause souls to covet so sublime a blessing

In other words, her goal is to inspire you to want these things! Our lives would be so much better if we strove after these things.

In most cases, we do not receive them instantly. Instead, most of us will invest long eras of prayer in each stage before we are advanced.

Here are the four stages:

  1. Meditation
  2. The Prayer of Quiet
  3. Union
  4. Rapture

 

1. MEDITATION

 

Meditation is the first stage of mystical prayer. Teresa also calls it devotions, disciplined prayer, and mental prayer.

Beginners learn to meditate on the life of Jesus Christ. They come to feel tenderness and an interior feeling of devotion. They might become enkindled with great love.

Meditation can be achieved, at least partly, by our own efforts. That is in sharp contrast with all the stages that follow. They cannot be achieved by our own efforts.

Some people who meditate are not sure they have repented of their sins. They need to outgrow that.

Meditation is a lot of work. That work fatigues their minds.

These beginners should aim to be be happy and free and confident. They should attempt great things. They should cease to be anxious about anything and anybody. They should innore aridities and distractions.

Meditation is a a most excellent and safe road until the Lord leads us to the stages that follow. Those are supernatural.

Reference: the Life of Teresa of Jesus, chapter 11 and chapter 12 and chapter 13

 

2. THE PRAYER OF QUIET

 

The Prayer of Quiet is the second stage of mystical prayer.

It is a prayer-state that borders on the supernatural. Unlike meditation, we cannot achieve the Prayer of Quiet by our own efforts. We are unable to do anything to acquire this blessing.

When it arrives, we are to put our meditation and other prayer practices aside and simply rest in it. It puts us in a state of quiet and recollectedness.

It reveals grace to us more clearly, and fills us with a deep inner satisfaction. Our faculties are not lost, nor do they sleep. It never becomes wearisome.

We are in union with God for as long as the Prayer of Quiet lasts. If it is intense, it becomes difficult to speak except with great distress.

When we experience the Prayer of Quiet, it seems that no greater blessing is even possible. For that reason, while many people are given this, few people go beyond it.

However, much greater things are in store.

Reference: the Life of Teresa of Jesus, chapter 14 and chapter 15

 

3. UNION

 

Your faculties fall asleep, and you become absorbed in union. It is a union of your entire soul with God.

The pleasure and sweetness and delight you experience are incomparably greater than in the Prayer of Quiet.

Even your body shares in the soul’s joy and delight. Sometimes the soul seems to be one the point of leaving the body.

The faculties retain only the power of occupying themselves wholly with God; not one of them, it seems, ventures to stir.

Your own mind might try to distract you. Ignore it, whether the distractions come from your will or your memory or your imagination.

The Lord granted Teresa this prayer in abundance.

Reference: the Life of Teresa of Jesus, chapter 16 and chapter 17

 

4. RAPTURE

 

During Rapture, all your faculties fade away and are suspended. The Lord gathers up your soul. Your soul no longer seems to animate your body. Your hearing and thinking are dimmed. And you are carried away. Gently. Joyfully. Silently. Ecstatically.

There is no power left in your body. Your eyes involuntarily close. Your breath diminishes. Your pulse slows. You can hardly move your hands without great effort. You feel such bliss and consolation that your would never abandon it. And we willingly go wherever we are carried away.

Your soul soars upwards, far above itself and above all created things.

Sometimes the Rapture was so powerful that Teresa’s body was lifted up off the ground. Literally. Her fellow nuns held down her body.

Rapture is much more beneficial than union. It is of exceeding worth.

Teresa had other words for Rapture. She also called it elevation, flight of the spirit, transport, ecstasy.

Nobody will believe this without having had experience of it.

Reference: the Life of Teresa of Jesus, chapter 18 and chapter 19 and chapter 20 and chapter 21

 

NOTES

Text by E. Allison Peers, translated from the critical edition of P. Silverio de santa Teresa, C. D. It was electronically scanned in 1995 by Harry Plantinga. As of this writing, the electronic text is in the public domain.

 


Unless otherwise noted, all Bible quotations on this page are from the World English Bible and the World Messianic Edition. These translations have no copyright restrictions. They are in the Public Domain.