The disciples violate the traditions of the elders. Jesus casts a demon out of a Gentile woman’s daughter, and heals a man who was Deaf.
VERSE 1. Then the Pharisees and some of the scribes gathered together to him, having come from Jerusalem.
VERSE 2. Now when they saw some of his disciples eating bread with defiled, that is unwashed, hands, they found fault.
eating bread. Literally “eating the loaves.”
they found fault. Are you a fault-finder?
VERSE 3. (For the Pharisees and all the Jews don’t eat unless they wash their hands and forearms, holding to the tradition of the elders.
hands and forearms. They washed their “hands” all the way up to the elbows.
the tradition of the elders. The “tradition of the elders” was an oral interpretation. The Pharisees considered it binding.
VERSE 4. They don’t eat when they come from the marketplace unless they bathe themselves, and there are many other things, which they have received to hold to: washings of cups, pitchers, bronze vessels, and couches.)
VERSE 5. The Pharisees and the scribes asked him, “Why don’t your disciples walk according to the tradition of the elders, but eat their bread with unwashed hands?”
eat their bread with unwashed hands. Christ’s disciples did not follow the man-made rules of the religious leaders. And the religious leaders complain about it.
In our day, we have a similar situation. Jesus Christ commanded us to not pray in order to be seen. However, most Christians do exactly that. They pray before eating a meal, especially if they are in public. If you as a Christian refuse to do that, your fellow Christians will rebuke you.
However, Jesus said that we should not pray to be seen:
Matthew 6:6. But you, when you pray, enter into your inner room, and having shut your door, pray to your Father who is in secret, and your Father who sees in secret will reward you openly.
VERSE 6. He answered them, “Well did Isaiah prophesy of you hypocrites, as it is written, ‘This people honors me with their lips, but their heart is far from me.
Well did Isaiah prophesy. This refers to Isaiah 29:13:
Isaiah 29:13. The Lord said, “Because this people draws near with their mouth and honors me with their lips, but they have removed their heart far from me, and their fear of me is a commandment of men which has been taught;
VERSE 7. But they worship me in vain, teaching as doctrines the commandments of men.’
VERSE 8. “For you set aside the commandment of God, and hold tightly to the tradition of men—the washing of pitchers and cups, and you do many other such things.”
VERSE 9. He said to them, “Full well do you reject the commandment of God, that you may keep your tradition.
keep your tradition. In our day, Christians do this. One example is the use of forbidden titles for religious leaders. Many Christians refer to their religious leader as “Father.” However, Jesus Christ forbade that:
Matthew 23:9. Call no man on the earth your father, for one is your Father, he who is in heaven.
VERSE 10. For Moses said, ‘Honor your father and your mother;’ and, ‘He who speaks evil of father or mother, let him be put to death.’
VERSE 11. But you say, ‘If a man tells his father or his mother, “Whatever profit you might have received from me is Corban, that is to say, given to God”,’
Corban. Corbin was an offering dedicated to God and thereby withdrawn from other uses such as supporting your parents.
VERSE 12. then you no longer allow him to do anything for his father or his mother,
VERSE 13. making void the word of God by your tradition, which you have handed down. You do many things like this.”
the word of God. That is, the written Scriptures.
VERSE 14. He called all the multitude to himself, and said to them, “Hear me, all of you, and understand.
VERSE 15. There is nothing from outside of the man, that going into him can defile him; but the things which proceed out of the man are those that defile the man.
nothing from outside. No food or drink is inherently wrong.
VERSE 16. If anyone has ears to hear, let him hear!”
VERSE 17. When he had entered into a house away from the multitude, his disciples asked him about the parable.
VERSE 18. He said to them, “Are you also without understanding? Don’t you perceive that whatever goes into the man from outside can’t defile him,
VERSE 19. because it doesn’t go into his heart, but into his stomach, then into the latrine, thus purifying all foods?”
heart. This was a metaphor for the seat of moral and religious conduct.
VERSE 20. He said, “That which proceeds out of the man, that defiles the man.
VERSE 21. For from within, out of the hearts of men, proceed evil thoughts, adulteries, sexual sins, murders, thefts,
VERSE 22. covetings, wickedness, deceit, lustful desires, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, and foolishness.
an evil eye. That is, envy, or stinginess. Jesus condemns it. Nonetheless, in our day, it is popular for Christians to be stingy toward poor people.
VERSE 23. All these evil things come from within, and defile the man.”
VERSE 24. From there he arose, and went away into the borders of Tyre and Sidon. He entered into a house, and didn’t want anyone to know it, but he couldn’t escape notice.
the borders of Tyre and Sidon. This area was in the northwest part of Galilee. That was Gentile territory.
VERSE 25. For a woman, whose little daughter had an unclean spirit, having heard of him, came and fell down at his feet.
an unclean spirit. That is, a demon. Jesus refers to it as a demon in verse 29 below.
VERSE 26. Now the woman was a Greek, a Syrophoenician by race. She begged him that he would cast the demon out of her daughter.
a Greek. That is, a Gentile.
VERSE 27. But Jesus said to her, “Let the children be filled first, for it is not appropriate to take the children’s bread and throw it to the dogs.”
VERSE 28. But she answered him, “Yes, Lord. Yet even the dogs under the table eat the children’s crumbs.”
The demon. Jesus refers to the unclean spirit as a demon.
VERSE 30. She went away to her house, and found the child having been laid on the bed, with the demon gone out.
VERSE 31. Again he departed from the borders of Tyre and Sidon, and came to the sea of Galilee, through the middle of the region of Decapolis.
VERSE 32. They brought to him one who was deaf and had an impediment in his speech. They begged him to lay his hand on him.
VERSE 33. He took him aside from the multitude, privately, and put his fingers into his ears, and he spat, and touched his tongue.
put his fingers into his ears, and he spat, and touched his tongue. There is no methodology to how Jesus does miracles. Sometimes he says something. Sometimes he uses touch. He lifted up the loaves of bread and the small fish. In this verse he spits and groans.
Some people say Jesus had traveled to India to learn techniques from the Yogis for doing miracles. However, there is no consistent methodology to his miracles. At all.
VERSE 34. Looking up to heaven, he sighed, and said to him, “Ephphatha!” that is, “Be opened!”
VERSE 35. Immediately his ears were opened, and the impediment of his tongue was released, and he spoke clearly.
VERSE 36. He commanded them that they should tell no one, but the more he commanded them, so much the more widely they proclaimed it.
VERSE 37. They were astonished beyond measure, saying, “He has done all things well. He makes even the deaf hear, and the mute speak!”
Unless otherwise noted, all Bible quotations on this page are from the World English Bible and the World Messianic Edition. These translations have no copyright restrictions. They are in the Public Domain.