Esther chapter 4

The Jewish people grieve over the news. Esther fasts for three days.





VERSE 1. Now when Mordecai found out all that was done, Mordecai tore his clothes, and put on sackcloth with ashes, and went out into the middle of the city, and wailed loudly and bitterly.


VERSE 2. He came even before the king’s gate, for no one is allowed inside the king’s gate clothed with sackcloth.


VERSE 3. In every province, wherever the king’s commandment and his decree came, there was great mourning among the Jews, and fasting, and weeping, and wailing; and many lay in sackcloth and ashes.


VERSE 4. Esther’s maidens and her eunuchs came and told her this, and the queen was exceedingly grieved. She sent clothing to Mordecai, to replace his sackcloth; but he didn’t receive it.

the queen was exceedingly grieved. She writhed in anguish.


VERSE 5. Then Esther called for Hathach, one of the king’s eunuchs, whom he had appointed to attend her, and commanded him to go to Mordecai, to find out what this was, and why it was.


VERSE 6. So Hathach went out to Mordecai, to city square which was before the king’s gate.


VERSE 7. Mordecai told him of all that had happened to him, and the exact sum of the money that Haman had promised to pay to the king’s treasuries for the destruction of the Jews.

Haman had promised to pay. Haman paid a bribe to the king in return for the extermination of the Jewish people.

In the course of world history, an evil antisemitic agenda repeats over and over again. In our day, professing Christians are often the worst of the worst when it comes to Antisemitism. Read more »


VERSE 8. He also gave him the copy of the writing of the decree that was given out in Susa to destroy them, to show it to Esther, and to declare it to her, and to urge her to go in to the king, to make supplication to him, and to make request before him, for her people.


VERSE 9. Hathach came and told Esther the words of Mordecai.


VERSE 10. Then Esther spoke to Hathach, and gave him a message to Mordecai:


VERSE 11. “All the king’s servants, and the people of the king’s provinces, know, that whoever, whether man or woman, comes to the king into the inner court without being called, there is one law for him, that he be put to death, except those to whom the king might hold out the golden scepter, that he may live. I have not been called to come in to the king these thirty days.”


VERSE 12. They told to Mordecai Esther’s words.


VERSE 13. Then Mordecai asked them to return this answer to Esther: “Don’t think to yourself that you will escape in the king’s house any more than all the Jews.


VERSE 14. For if you remain silent now, then relief and deliverance will come to the Jews from another place, but you and your father’s house will perish. Who knows if you haven’t come to the kingdom for such a time as this?”

relief and deliverance will come to the Jews from another place. Mordecai knows the LORD God can defend his people in any way he chooses, including the use of miracles.

for such a time as this. Mordecai sees that God has made Esther to be the Queen of the Empire, precisely in order to stop the extermination of the Jews.




VERSE 15. Then Esther asked them to answer Mordecai,


VERSE 16. “Go, gather together all the Jews who are present in Susa, and fast for me, and neither eat nor drink three days, night or day. I and my maidens will also fast the same way. Then I will go in to the king, which is against the law; and if I perish, I perish.”

fast for me. Queen Esther is familiar with fasting. She chose fasting over every other way to prepare. Even more, she calls all the Jewish people to fast and pray.

three days. Queen Esther calls the Jewish people to fast and pray for “three days.” In centuries to come, the apostles and disciples will also fast and pray for three days.

if I perish, I perish. For the life of the Jewish people everywhere, Queen Esther is prepared to die. She is willing to be a sacrificial offering, a martyr.

She is not the only Jewish person in history who faces execution for the many. She is very much like the Lord Jesus Christ.

A young Jewish woman named Esther is the Queen of Babylon. She learns of a plan to exterminate the Jewish people. She calls everyone to fast for three days. Read more »


VERSE 17. So Mordecai went his way, and did according to all that Esther had commanded him.


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CHAPTERS: [A]01, 02, 03, [B], 04, [C], [D], 05, 06, 07, 08, [E], 09, 10

Protestant chapters: 01, 02, 03, 04, 05, 06, 07, 08, 09, 10

Deuterocanonical chapters: [A], [B], [C], [D], [E]

RESOURCES: Summary, Outline, Memorize, Esther’s Call to Fast

Unless otherwise noted, all Bible quotations on this page are from the World English Bible and the World Messianic Edition. These translations have no copyright restrictions. They are in the Public Domain.


Author: todd

At Explore the Faith, I share insights into the Bible and theological writings. If you like what I write, become my partner by donating. Help me reach the world for the Lord Jesus Christ.