The Passover in Sinai. The Pillar of Cloud and the Pillar of Fire.
VERSE 1. The LORD spoke to Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, in the first month of the second year after they had come out of the land of Egypt, saying,
keep the Passover. The Passover is a perpetual ordinance. They are to keep it always.
However, this chapter introduces some changes. It does away with some of the requirements, making it possible to observe the Passover in the desert.
For example, they are no longer required to strike the blood of the lamb upon the lintel and the side-posts of the doors. That is because in the desert, they had no doors.
VERSE 3. On the fourteenth day of this month, at evening, you shall keep it in its appointed season. You shall keep it according to all its statutes and according to all its ordinances.”
the fourteenth day of this month. This was the first month, the month Nisan or Abib.
VERSE 4. Moses told the children of Israel that they should keep the Passover.
VERSE 5. They kept the Passover in the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at evening, in the wilderness of Sinai. According to all that the LORD commanded Moses, so the children of Israel did.
VERSE 6. There were certain men, who were unclean because of the dead body of a man, so that they could not keep the Passover on that day, and they came before Moses and Aaron on that day.
VERSE 7. Those men said to him, “We are unclean because of the dead body of a man. Why are we kept back, that we may not offer the offering of the LORD in its appointed season among the children of Israel?”
Why are we kept back. Some men put themselves in charge. They decided that people who are ritually unclean cannot celebrate the Passover.
That often happens in local churches. The bossy people act as though they are in charge. They make all sorts of decisions, based merely on their own personal judgement.
They are often quite wrong. And they wound people in the process.
VERSE 8. Moses answered them, “Wait, that I may hear what the LORD will command concerning you.”
VERSE 9. The LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
VERSE 10. “Say to the children of Israel, ‘If any man of you or of your generations is unclean by reason of a dead body, or is on a journey far away, he shall still keep the Passover to the LORD.
he shall still keep the Passover. Even ritual uncleanness does not keep anyone from celebrating the Passover.
VERSE 11. In the second month, on the fourteenth day at evening they shall keep it; they shall eat it with unleavened bread and bitter herbs.
VERSE 12. They shall leave none of it until the morning, nor break a bone of it. According to all the statute of the Passover they shall keep it.
VERSE 13. But the man who is clean, and is not on a journey, and fails to keep the Passover, that soul shall be cut off from his people. Because he didn’t offer the offering of the LORD in its appointed season, that man shall bear his sin.
VERSE 14. “ ‘If a foreigner lives among you, and desires to keep the Passover to the LORD, then he shall do so according to the statute of the Passover, and according to its ordinance. You shall have one statute, both for the foreigner, and for him who is born in the land.’ ”
If a foreigner lives among you, and desires to keep the Passover. Even a Gentile may keep the Passover. They are not prohibited.
The Old Testament foresee Gentiles coming to faith in the One God of Israel and bringing gifts to Jerusalem. Here are the key Bible verses about this »
VERSE 15. On the day that the tabernacle was raised up, the cloud covered the tabernacle, even the Tent of the Testimony. At evening it was over the tabernacle, as it were the appearance of fire, until morning.
the cloud covered the tabernacle. They had first encountered the Cloud and the Fire back when the LORD God liberated them from Egypt:
Exodus 13:21. The LORD went before them by day in a pillar of cloud, to lead them on their way, and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light, that they might go by day and by night:
VERSE 16. So it was continually. The cloud covered it, and the appearance of fire by night.
VERSE 17. Whenever the cloud was taken up from over the Tent, then after that the children of Israel traveled; and in the place where the cloud remained, there the children of Israel encamped.
VERSE 18. At the commandment of the LORD, the children of Israel traveled, and at the commandment of the LORD they encamped. As long as the cloud remained on the tabernacle they remained encamped.
VERSE 19. When the cloud stayed on the tabernacle many days, then the children of Israel kept the LORD’s command, and didn’t travel.
VERSE 20. Sometimes the cloud was a few days on the tabernacle; then according to the commandment of the LORD they remained encamped, and according to the commandment of the LORD they traveled.
VERSE 21. Sometimes the cloud was from evening until morning; and when the cloud was taken up in the morning, they traveled; or by day and by night, when the cloud was taken up, they traveled.
VERSE 22. Whether it was two days, or a month, or a year that the cloud stayed on the tabernacle, remaining on it, the children of Israel remained encamped, and didn’t travel; but when it was taken up, they traveled.
VERSE 23. At the commandment of the LORD they encamped, and at the commandment of the LORD they traveled. They kept the LORD’s command, at the commandment of the LORD by Moses.
Unless otherwise noted, all Bible quotations on this page are from the World English Bible and the World Messianic Edition. These translations have no copyright restrictions. They are in the Public Domain.