Evil king Jeroboam tries to deceive the prophet Ahijah. Prince Abijah dies. Jeroboam dies. Evil Rehoboam becomes king of Judah.
Abijah. He is the son of king Jeroboam.
VERSE 2. Jeroboam said to his wife, “Please get up and disguise yourself, so that you won’t be recognized as Jeroboam’s wife. Go to Shiloh. Behold, Ahijah the prophet is there, who said that I would be king over this people.
disguise yourself. Jeroboam naively assumes the LORD God is not able to see through a disguise. But Jeroboam is wrong, as we see in verse 6 below.
In the Book of Kings, the leaders exhibit narcissistic behaviors. They demand subservience. They commit idolatry and murder. They disobey sexual laws. Read more »
Jeroboam’s wife. King Jeroboam refers to himself in the third person.
Ahijah the prophet. In the previous chapter, an unnamed man of God prophesied the destruction of Jeroboam’s religious system. Now in this chapter, Ahijah will prophecy the end of Jeroboam’s dynasty.
VERSE 3. Take with you ten loaves of bread, some cakes, and a jar of honey, and go to him. He will tell you what will become of the child.”
The gifts of food are probably a bribe to win a positive word from the prophet.
VERSE 4. Jeroboam’s wife did so, and arose and went to Shiloh, and came to Ahijah’s house. Now Ahijah could not see, for his eyes were set by reason of his age.
by reason of his age. Ahijah the prophet was old and blind
VERSE 5. The LORD said to Ahijah, “Behold, Jeroboam’s wife is coming to inquire of you concerning her son, for he is sick. Tell her such and such; for it will be, when she comes in, that she will pretend to be another woman.”
Behold, Jeroboam’s wife is coming. The LORD God does indeed see through king Jeroboam’s deception.
VERSE 6. So when Ahijah heard the sound of her feet as she came in at the door, he said, “Come in, Jeroboam’s wife! Why do you pretend to be another? For I am sent to you with heavy news.
Come in, Jeroboam’s wife! The prophet starts by destroying Jeroboam’s deception.
VERSE 7. Go, tell Jeroboam, ‘The LORD, the God of Israel, says: “Because I exalted you from among the people, and made you prince over my people Israel,
VERSE 8. and tore the kingdom away from David’s house, and gave it you; and yet you have not been as my servant David, who kept my commandments, and who followed me with all his heart, to do that only which was right in my eyes,
VERSE 9. but have done evil above all who were before you, and have gone and made for yourself other gods, molten images, to provoke me to anger, and have cast me behind your back,
have done evil above all who were before you. Jeroboam did more evil than all who lived before him.
other gods, molten images. King Jeroboam’s idolatry angered the LORD God.
VERSE 10. therefore, behold, I will bring evil on the house of Jeroboam, and will cut off from Jeroboam everyone who urinates on a wall, he who is shut up and he who is left at large in Israel, and will utterly sweep away the house of Jeroboam, as a man sweeps away dung until it is all gone.
everyone who urinates on a wall. That is, “males.”
as a man sweeps away dung. The LORD God sees the line of Jeroboam as dung.
VERSE 11. The dogs will eat he who belongs to Jeroboam who dies in the city; and the birds of the sky will eat he who dies in the field, for the LORD has spoken it.” ’
Jeroboam’s family will not even be buried. Instead, they will be eaten by dogs. And birds.
VERSE 12. Arise therefore, and go to your house. When your feet enter into the city, the child will die.
the child will die. Jeroboam’s son Abijah will die.
This will be fulfilled in verse 17 below.
VERSE 13. All Israel will mourn for him and bury him; for he only of Jeroboam will come to the grave, because in him there is found some good thing toward the LORD, the God of Israel, in the house of Jeroboam.
VERSE 14. Moreover the LORD will raise up a king for himself over Israel who will cut off the house of Jeroboam. This is the day! What? Even now.
a king … who will cut off the house of Jeroboam. This will be Baasha.
VERSE 15. For the LORD will strike Israel, as a reed is shaken in the water; and he will root up Israel out of this good land which he gave to their fathers, and will scatter them beyond the River, because they have made their Asherah poles, provoking the LORD to anger.
as a reed is shaken in the water. The nation will experience instability.
scatter them. In 722 BC, the Assyrian Empire will scatter them.
the River. That is, the Euphrates.
their Asherah poles. This is a phallic image. Under the reign of evil king Jeroboam, phallic images become prevalent.
VERSE 16. He will give Israel up because of the sins of Jeroboam, which he has sinned, and with which he has made Israel to sin.”
because of the sins of Jeroboam. It is Jeroboam’s fault that all these calamities will happen.
VERSE 17. Jeroboam’s wife arose and departed, and came to Tirzah. As she came to the threshold of the house, the child died.
This is exactly as prophesied in verse 12 above.
VERSE 18. All Israel buried him and mourned for him, according to the LORD’s word, which he spoke by his servant Ahijah the prophet.
VERSE 19. The rest of the acts of Jeroboam, how he fought and how he reigned, behold, they are written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel.
the book of the chronicles of the kings. These were historical documents, perhaps kept in the royal archives. They are no longer extant.
VERSE 20. The days which Jeroboam reigned were twenty two years; then he slept with his fathers, and Nadab his son reigned in his place.
then he slept with his fathers. King Jeroboam was a terrible human being. And a terrible king.
Now that he is dead, perhaps the nation can begin to recover from his terrible reign.
he slept with his fathers. Jeroboam’s fathers were Solomon and David. After death, Jeroboam does not go to a bad place.
VERSE 21. Rehoboam the son of Solomon reigned in Judah. Rehoboam was forty-one years old when he began to reign, and he reigned seventeen years in Jerusalem, the city which the LORD had chosen out of all the tribes of Israel, to put his name there. His mother’s name was Naamah the Ammonitess.
His mother’s name was Naamah. She was one of Solomon’s foreign wives.
the Ammonitess. They worshiped the detestable idol Molech.
VERSE 22. Judah did that which was evil in the LORD’s sight, and they provoked him to jealousy with their sins which they committed, above all that their fathers had done.
Judah did that which was evil. Not only was king Rehoboam evil. But also the people of Judah were evil.
VERSE 23. For they also built for themselves high places, sacred pillars, and Asherah poles on every high hill and under every green tree.
VERSE 24. There were also sodomites in the land. They did according to all the abominations of the nations which the LORD drove out before the children of Israel.
sodomites. The Hebrew word is קָדֵשׁ (“qadesh”). It means temple prostitute.
In this verse, it means “male shrine prostitutes” (NIV translation). It does not mean “homosexuals.”
In this verse, Molech is the real evil. He is the Canaanite god associated with child sacrifice. And these shrine prostitutes are his agents.
Shishak king of Egypt. In the movie Raiders of the Lost Ark, Professor Indiana Jones mentions Shishak.
Shishak is also known as Sheshonk I. He founded the 22nd dynasty of Egypt.
1 Kings 11:40. Therefore Solomon sought to kill Jeroboam, but Jeroboam arose and fled into Egypt, to Shishak king of Egypt, and was in Egypt until the death of Solomon.
VERSE 26. and he took away the treasures of the LORD’s house and the treasures of the king’s house. He even took away all of it, including all the gold shields which Solomon had made.
VERSE 27. King Rehoboam made shields of bronze in their place, and committed them to the hands of the captains of the guard, who kept the door of the king’s house.
VERSE 28. It was so, that as often as the king went into the LORD’s house, the guard bore them, and brought them back into the guard room.
war between Rehoboam and Jeroboam. This is in-fighting. One faction of the people Israel is waging ware against the other.
VERSE 31. Rehoboam slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in David’s city. His mother’s name was Naamah the Ammonitess. Abijam his son reigned in his place.
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