1 Kings chapter 9

The LORD God’s covenant with Solomon. Solomon’s achievements.

 


 

THE LORD GOD’S COVENANT WITH SOLOMON

 

VERSE 1. When Solomon had finished the building of the LORD’s house, the king’s house, and all Solomon’s desire which he was pleased to do,

 

VERSE 2. The LORD appeared to Solomon the second time, as he had appeared to him at Gibeon.

The LORD appeared to Solomon. This seems to have been a mystical encounter.

the second time. This was the second time.

 

VERSE 3. The LORD said to him, “I have heard your prayer and your supplication that you have made before me. I have made this house holy, which you have built, to put my name there forever; and my eyes and my heart shall be there perpetually.

shall be there perpetually. But not permanently.

Later in the biblical narrative, the presence of the LORD God departs from the temple.

 

VERSE 4. As for you, if you will walk before me as David your father walked, in integrity of heart and in uprightness, to do according to all that I have commanded you, and will keep my statutes and my ordinances,

if you will walk before me. Solomon is to walk before the LORD God.

This is new. Prior to David, to be in a relationship with the LORD God meant obeying the commands. But now to it means something different.

as David your father walked. David is held up as a role-model of walking before the LORD God.

There are two major requirements to walking with the LORD God:

in integrity of heart. The first requirement of walking with the LORD God is that you must be sincere.

How about you? Are you sincere?

and in uprightness. The second requirement of walking with the LORD God is that you must keep the statutes and ordinances. That is, you must obey the commands.

How about you? Do you obey the commands?

 

VERSE 5. then I will establish the throne of your kingdom over Israel forever, as I promised to David your father, saying, ‘There shall not fail from you a man on the throne of Israel.’

then. The lovely promises of the LORD God in this chapter are conditional. They will come true, but only as long as Solomon walks with the LORD God.

The promises of the LORD God never fail! We can count on them. And base our lives on them! Read more »

 

VERSE 6. But if you turn away from following me, you or your children, and not keep my commandments and my statutes which I have set before you, but go and serve other gods and worship them,

But if you turn away. If Solomon stops walking with the LORD God, then the lovely promises of the LORD God in this chapter will be reversed.

 

VERSE 7. then I will cut off Israel out of the land which I have given them; and I will cast this house, which I have made holy for my name, out of my sight; and Israel will be a proverb and a byword among all peoples.

I will cut off Israel. If Solomon stops walking with the LORD God, it will trigger the destruction of the temple.

Israel will be a proverb. If Solomon stops walking with the LORD God, it will trigger the destruction of the nation.

 

VERSE 8. Though this house is so high, yet everyone who passes by it will be astonished and hiss; and they will say, ‘Why has the LORD done this to this land and to this house?’

 

VERSE 9. and they will answer, ‘Because they abandoned the LORD their God, who brought their fathers out of the land of Egypt, and embraced other gods, and worshiped them, and served them. Therefore the LORD has brought all this evil on them.’ ”

Because they abandoned the LORD their God. This is the real issue. When they stopped walking with the LORD God, it was their end.

 

SOLOMON’S ACHIEVEMENTS

 

VERSE 10. At the end of twenty years, in which Solomon had built the two houses, the LORD’s house and the king’s house

the two houses. That is:

  1. The temple
  2. Solomon’s giant palace

 

VERSE 11. (now Hiram the king of Tyre had furnished Solomon with cedar trees and cypress trees, and with gold, according to all his desire), King Solomon gave Hiram twenty cities in the land of Galilee.

 

VERSE 12. Hiram came out of Tyre to see the cities which Solomon had given him; and they didn’t please him.

 

VERSE 13. He said, “What cities are these which you have given me, my brother?” He called them the land of Cabul to this day.

Cabul. This sounds like the Hebrew word for “good-for-nothing.”

 

VERSE 14. Hiram sent to the king one hundred twenty talents of gold.

one hundred twenty talents. A talent is about 66 pounds. So 120 talents is about 3.6 metric tons.

 

VERSE 15. This is the reason of the forced labor which king Solomon conscripted: to build the LORD’s house, his own house, Millo, Jerusalem’s wall, Hazor, Megiddo, and Gezer.

the forced labor. Solomon conscripted a vast number of humans to be his slaves. He had unlimited wealth and power. Yet he refused to pay a just wage to his workers.

 

VERSE 16. Pharaoh king of Egypt had gone up, taken Gezer, burned it with fire, killed the Canaanites who lived in the city, and given it for a wedding gift to his daughter, Solomon’s wife.

 

VERSE 17. Solomon built in the land Gezer, Beth Horon the lower,

 

VERSE 18. Baalath, Tamar in the wilderness,

 

VERSE 19. all the storage cities that Solomon had, the cities for his chariots, the cities for his horsemen, and that which Solomon desired to build for his pleasure in Jerusalem, and in Lebanon, and in all the land of his dominion.

the storage cities. They were Solomon’s warehouse-districts.

 

VERSE 20. As for all the people who were left of the Amorites, the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites, who were not of the children of Israel—

 

VERSE 21. their children who were left after them in the land, whom the children of Israel were not able utterly to destroy—of them Solomon raised a levy of bondservants to this day.

bondservants. The Hebrew word is עָבַד (“abad”). It means “slaves.”

Solomon conscripted a vast number of humans to be his slaves. He had unlimited wealth and power. Yet he refused to pay a just wage to his workers.

 

VERSE 22. But of the children of Israel Solomon made no bondservants; but they were the men of war, his servants, his princes, his captains, and rulers of his chariots and of his horsemen.

 

VERSE 23. These were the five hundred fifty chief officers who were over Solomon’s work, who ruled over the people who labored in the work.

 

VERSE 24. But Pharaoh’s daughter came up out of David’s city to her house which Solomon had built for her. Then he built Millo.

 

VERSE 25. Solomon offered burnt offerings and peace offerings on the altar which he built to the LORD three times per year, burning incense with them on the altar that was before the LORD. So he finished the house.

three times per year. Solomon offered holocausts three times a year.

 

VERSE 26. King Solomon made a fleet of ships in Ezion Geber, which is beside Eloth, on the shore of the Sea of Suf, in the land of Edom.

 

VERSE 27. Hiram sent in the fleet his servants, sailors who had knowledge of the sea, with the servants of Solomon.

 

VERSE 28. They came to Ophir, and fetched from there gold, four hundred and twenty talents, and brought it to king Solomon.

one hundred twenty talents. A talent is about 66 pounds. So 120 talents is about 3.6 metric tons.

 


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1 KINGS

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