1 Kings chapter 16

King Baasha dies. Evil king Elah. Evil king Zimri. Evil king Omri. Evil king Ahab.

 


 

KING BAASHA DIES

 

VERSE 1. The LORD’s word came to Jehu the son of Hanani against Baasha, saying,

Jehu. Jehu the prophet is a different person than Jehu the king of Israel.

the son of Hanani. Jehu’s father is Hanani. He might have been the prophet who warned king Asa of Judah.

 

VERSE 2. “Because I exalted you out of the dust and made you prince over my people Israel, and you have walked in the way of Jeroboam and have made my people Israel to sin, to provoke me to anger with their sins,

walked in the way of Jeroboam. Baasha did evil.

made my people Israel to sin. Baasha led the nation into more and more sin.

In the Book of Kings, the leaders exhibit narcissistic behaviors. They demand subservience. They commit idolatry and murder. They disobey sexual laws. Read more »

 

VERSE 3. behold, I will utterly sweep away Baasha and his house; and I will make your house like the house of Jeroboam the son of Nebat.

 

VERSE 4. The dogs will eat Baasha’s descendants who die in the city; and he who dies of his in the field, the birds of the sky will eat.”

 

VERSE 5. Now the rest of the acts of Baasha, and what he did, and his might, aren’t they written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?

 

VERSE 6. Baasha slept with his fathers, and was buried in Tirzah; and Elah his son reigned in his place.

Baasha slept with his fathers. That is, he died.

 

VERSE 7. Moreover the LORD’s word came by the prophet Jehu the son of Hanani against Baasha and against his house, both because of all the evil that he did in the LORD’s sight, to provoke him to anger with the work of his hands, in being like the house of Jeroboam, and because he struck him.

Jehu. Jehu the prophet is a different person than Jehu the king of Israel.

the son of Hanani. Jehu’s father is Hanani. He might have been the prophet who warned king Asa of Judah.

 

EVIL KING ELAH

 

VERSE 8. In the twenty-sixth year of Asa king of Judah, Elah the son of Baasha began to reign over Israel in Tirzah for two years.

for two years. Elah reigned from 886 to 885 BC.

 

VERSE 9. His servant Zimri, captain of half his chariots, conspired against him. Now he was in Tirzah, drinking himself drunk in the house of Arza, who was over the household in Tirzah;

conspired against him. King Elah was an evil person. Not surprisingly, his key staff members were also evil.

he was in Tirzah. That is, king Elah was in Tirzah.

drinking himself drunk. That is, King Elah was getting drunk.

 

VERSE 10. and Zimri went in and struck him and killed him in the twenty-seventh year of Asa king of Judah, and reigned in his place.

Zimri … killed him. Elah is famous as the king who was murdered while getting drunk.

Evil Amon is assassinated by his own staff. A similar thing happened to three other evil kings:

1 Kings 15:27. Baasha the son of Ahijah, of the house of Issachar, conspired against [king Nadab]; and Baasha struck him at Gibbethon, which belonged to the Philistines; for Nadab and all Israel were besieging Gibbethon.

1 Kings 16:10. and Zimri went in and struck [king Elah] and killed him in the twenty-seventh year of Asa king of Judah, and reigned in his place.

2 Kings 15:10. Shallum the son of Jabesh conspired against [king Zechariah], and struck him before the people and killed him, and reigned in his place.

2 Kings 21:23. The servants of [king] Amon conspired against him, and put the king to death in his own house.

In the Book of Kings, the leaders exhibit narcissistic behaviors. They demand subservience. They commit idolatry and murder. They disobey sexual laws. Read more »

 

EVIL KING ZIMRI

 

VERSE 11. When he began to reign, as soon as he sat on his throne, he attacked all the house of Baasha. He didn’t leave him a single one who urinates on a wall among his relatives or his friends.

When he began to reign. That is, when king Zimri began to reign.

urinates on a wall. The King James Version says “one that pisseth against a wall.” It means “males.”

 

VERSE 12. Thus Zimri destroyed all the house of Baasha, according to the LORD’s word which he spoke against Baasha by Jehu the prophet,

Zimri destroyed all the house of Baasha. Zimri exterminated Israel’s second ruling family.

He probably did that to avoid retaliation against his coup d’etat.

 

VERSE 13. for all the sins of Baasha, and the sins of Elah his son, which they sinned and with which they made Israel to sin, to provoke the LORD, the God of Israel, to anger with their vanities.

 

VERSE 14. Now the rest of the acts of Elah, and all that he did, aren’t they written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?

 

VERSE 15. In the twenty-seventh year of Asa king of Judah, Zimri reigned seven days in Tirzah. Now the people were encamped against Gibbethon, which belonged to the Philistines.

Zimri reigned seven days. This is the shortest reign of any king of Israel.

 

VERSE 16. The people who were encamped heard that Zimri had conspired, and had also killed the king. Therefore all Israel made Omri, the captain of the army, king over Israel that day in the camp.

made Omri … king. Any sense of dynasty is gone. Now the ruler is selected by an angry mob.

 

VERSE 17. Omri went up from Gibbethon, and all Israel with him, and they besieged Tirzah.

 

VERSE 18. When Zimri saw that the city was taken, he went into the fortified part of the king’s house and burned the king’s house over him with fire, and died,

burned the king’s house. Before dying, Zimri destroys the palace.

 

VERSE 19. for his sins which he sinned in doing that which was evil in the LORD’s sight, in walking in the way of Jeroboam, and in his sin which he did to make Israel to sin.

 

VERSE 20. Now the rest of the acts of Zimri, and his treason that he committed, aren’t they written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?

 

EVIL KING OMRI

 

VERSE 21. Then the people of Israel were divided into two parts: half of the people followed Tibni the son of Ginath, to make him king, and half followed Omri.

the people of Israel were divided. Evil leaders are dividers. They divide their people and their nation.

In the Book of Kings, the leaders exhibit narcissistic behaviors. They demand subservience. They commit idolatry and murder. They disobey sexual laws. Read more »

Our modern-day politicians and news pundits and even some church leaders are like that. They are not capable of bringing people together. They are not capable of building unity.

A godly leader is a uniter. Like the Lord Jesus:

John 17:21. that they may all be one; even as you, Father, are in me, and I in you …

 

VERSE 22. But the people who followed Omri prevailed against the people who followed Tibni the son of Ginath; so Tibni died, and Omri reigned.

 

VERSE 23. In the thirty-first year of Asa king of Judah, Omri began to reign over Israel for twelve years. He reigned six years in Tirzah.

 

VERSE 24. He bought the hill Samaria of Shemer for two talents of silver; and he built on the hill, and called the name of the city which he built, Samaria, after the name of Shemer, the owner of the hill.

He bought the hill Samaria. Omri bought Samaria from Shamer for two talents.

two talents. A talent is about 30 kilograms or 66 pounds.

 

VERSE 25. Omri did that which was evil in the LORD’s sight, and dealt wickedly above all who were before him.

dealt wickedly. Omri is corrupt.

above all who were before him. Omri is even more corrupt than any king before.

In the Book of Kings, the leaders exhibit narcissistic behaviors. They demand subservience. They commit idolatry and murder. They disobey sexual laws. Read more »

 

VERSE 26. For he walked in all the way of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, and in his sins with which he made Israel to sin, to provoke the LORD, the God of Israel, to anger with their vanities.

 

VERSE 27. Now the rest of the acts of Omri which he did, and his might that he showed, aren’t they written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?

 

VERSE 28. So Omri slept with his fathers, and was buried in Samaria; and Ahab his son reigned in his place.

 

EVIL KING AHAB

 

VERSE 29. In the thirty-eighth year of Asa king of Judah, Ahab the son of Omri began to reign over Israel. Ahab the son of Omri reigned over Israel in Samaria twenty-two years.

 

VERSE 30. Ahab the son of Omri did that which was evil in the LORD’s sight above all that were before him.

above all that were before him. Ahab is even more evil than any king before.

 

VERSE 31. As if it had been a light thing for him to walk in the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, he took as wife Jezebel the daughter of Ethbaal king of the Sidonians, and went and served Baal and worshiped him.

Jezebel. As a daughter of Ethbaal king of the Sidonians, she is a Gentile.

In the Book of Kings, the leaders exhibit narcissistic behaviors. They demand subservience. They commit idolatry and murder. They disobey sexual laws. Read more »

served Baal and worshiped him. The word “Baal” means “lord.”

In the Old Testament, the word “Baal” is generally used for the male deity the native Canaanite tribes worshiped under various other titles.

 

VERSE 32. He raised up an altar for Baal in the house of Baal, which he had built in Samaria.

 

VERSE 33. Ahab made the Asherah; and Ahab did more yet to provoke the LORD, the God of Israel, to anger than all the kings of Israel who were before him.

Ahab made the Asherah. Asherah was a mother goddess.

 

VERSE 34. In his days Hiel the Bethelite built Jericho. He laid its foundation with the loss of Abiram his firstborn, and set up its gates with the loss of his youngest son Segub, according to the LORD’s word, which he spoke by Joshua the son of Nun.

 


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1 KINGS

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