Exodus chapter 16

The desert of Sin. Manna and quail. Regulations about the manna.




VERSE 1. They took their journey from Elim, and all the congregation of the children of Israel came to the wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after their departing out of the land of Egypt.

the wilderness of Sin.  The name “Sin” is a geographic region. It is related to Sinai.

It has nothing to do with the English word “sin.”


VERSE 2. The whole congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and against Aaron in the wilderness;

murmured against Moses and against Aaron. They grumbled and complained against Moses and Aaron.

They were big grumblers. Big complainers.

And so are we. It seems part of our human nature to grumble and complain. That is true even in spiritual settings. People grumble and complain against their spiritual leaders. And each other.

How can we Christian believers eradicate complaining from our lives?

Some people are always complaining. Or arguing. Those are destructive habits. They harm the individual. And the community. They need to STOP. Read more »


VERSE 3. and the children of Israel said to them, “We wish that we had died by the LORD’s hand in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the meat pots, when we ate our fill of bread, for you have brought us out into this wilderness to kill this whole assembly with hunger.”

meat pots, when we ate our fill of bread. Back in Egypt, they were slaves. They were on a starvation diet.

There were no meat pots. And they did NOT eat their fill of bread.

Their memory had failed them.

And so does ours. When we get in stressful situations, we tend to recall the past much more favorably than what it really was.




VERSE 4. Then the LORD said to Moses, “Behold, I will rain bread from the sky for you, and the people shall go out and gather a day’s portion every day, that I may test them, whether they will walk in my law or not.

I will rain bread from the sky for you. We doubt people expected this to happen!

There were times when the LORD God fed his people with bread from heaven. It was not “the Eucharist.” Rather, it was a miraculous provision that kept them alive. Read more »


VERSE 5. It shall come to pass on the sixth day, that they shall prepare that which they bring in, and it shall be twice as much as they gather daily.”


VERSE 6. Moses and Aaron said to all the children of Israel, “At evening, you shall know that the LORD has brought you out from the land of Egypt.


VERSE 7. In the morning, you shall see the LORD’s glory; because he hears your murmurings against the LORD. Who are we, that you murmur against us?”

you shall see the LORD’s glory. They will witness a miraculous provision.


VERSE 8. Moses said, “Now the LORD will give you meat to eat in the evening, and in the morning bread to satisfy you, because the LORD hears your murmurings which you murmur against him. And who are we? Your murmurings are not against us, but against the LORD.”

the LORD hears your murmurings. The LORD God hears us when we complain.

Some people are always complaining. Or arguing. Those are destructive habits. They harm the individual. And the community. They need to STOP. Read more »


VERSE 9. Moses said to Aaron, “Tell all the congregation of the children of Israel, ‘Come close to the LORD, for he has heard your murmurings.’ ”


VERSE 10. As Aaron spoke to the whole congregation of the children of Israel, they looked toward the wilderness, and behold, the LORD’s glory appeared in the cloud.

the LORD’s glory. The Hebrew word for “glory” is כָּבוֹד (“kabowd”). It means the visible presence of God.

appeared in the cloud. The visible glory of God was hinted at in the pillar of fire and the pillar of cloud.

And in the centuries to come, it will fill the new temple right after Solomon dedicates it.


VERSE 11. The LORD spoke to Moses, saying,


VERSE 12. “I have heard the murmurings of the children of Israel. Speak to them, saying, ‘At evening you shall eat meat, and in the morning you shall be filled with bread. Then you will know that I am the LORD your God.’ ”

Then you will know. After they witness this miraculous provision, the people will be convinced of the reality of the LORD God.

How quickly they forgot.

It was not long ago that they witnessed other miracles. Gargantuan, stupendous miracles. Miracles that changed the destiny of the world.

For example:

  • The ten plagues
  • The Pillar of Fire
  • The Pillar of Cloud
  • The parting of the Red Sea
  • The annihilation of the army of Egypt

How quickly they forgot.

And how quickly WE forget. How can we keep the greatness of God at the forefront of our awareness?


VERSE 13. In the evening, quail came up and covered the camp; and in the morning the dew lay around the camp.


VERSE 14. When the dew that lay had gone, behold, on the surface of the wilderness was a small round thing, small as the frost on the ground.


VERSE 15. When the children of Israel saw it, they said to one another, “What is it?” For they didn’t know what it was. Moses said to them, “It is the bread which the LORD has given you to eat.

It is the bread which the LORD has given you to eat. This expression has a literal meaning.

And it also has a metaphorical meaning. It is a metaphor for the Torah.




VERSE 16. This is the thing which the LORD has commanded: ‘Gather of it everyone according to his eating; an omer a head, according to the number of your persons, you shall take it, every man for those who are in his tent.’ ”

omer. An omer is equal to about 2.2 liters. Or about 2.3 quarts.


VERSE 17. The children of Israel did so, and some gathered more, some less.


VERSE 18. When they measured it with an omer, he who gathered much had nothing over, and he who gathered little had no lack. They each gathered according to his eating.

he who gathered much had nothing over, and he who gathered little had no lack. The LORD God was taking care of everyone’s needs!


VERSE 19. Moses said to them, “Let no one leave of it until the morning.”


VERSE 20. Notwithstanding they didn’t listen to Moses, but some of them left of it until the morning, so it bred worms and became foul; and Moses was angry with them.


VERSE 21. They gathered it morning by morning, everyone according to his eating. When the sun grew hot, it melted.

When the sun grew hot, it melted. When the sun grew hot, the leftover manna melted away.


VERSE 22. On the sixth day, they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for each one; and all the rulers of the congregation came and told Moses.


VERSE 23. He said to them, “This is that which the LORD has spoken, ‘Tomorrow is a solemn rest, a holy Sabbath to the LORD. Bake that which you want to bake, and boil that which you want to boil; and all that remains over lay up for yourselves to be kept until the morning.’ ”

Tomorrow is a solemn rest, a holy Sabbath. This is the first observance of the Sabbath day.


VERSE 24. They laid it up until the morning, as Moses ordered, and it didn’t become foul, and there were no worms in it.


VERSE 25. Moses said, “Eat that today, for today is a Sabbath to the LORD. Today you shall not find it in the field.


VERSE 26. Six days you shall gather it, but on the seventh day is the Sabbath. In it there shall be none.”


VERSE 27. On the seventh day, some of the people went out to gather, and they found none.


VERSE 28. The LORD said to Moses, “How long do you refuse to keep my commandments and my laws?


VERSE 29. Behold, because the LORD has given you the Sabbath, therefore he gives you on the sixth day the bread of two days. Everyone stay in his place. Let no one go out of his place on the seventh day.”


VERSE 30. So the people rested on the seventh day.


VERSE 31. The house of Israel called its name “Manna”, and it was like coriander seed, white; and its taste was like wafers with honey.

Manna. This word means “What is it?”


VERSE 32. Moses said, “This is the thing which the LORD has commanded, ‘Let an omer-full of it be kept throughout your generations, that they may see the bread with which I fed you in the wilderness, when I brought you out of the land of Egypt.’ ”


VERSE 33. Moses said to Aaron, “Take a pot, and put an omer-full of manna in it, and lay it up before the LORD, to be kept throughout your generations.”


VERSE 34. As the LORD commanded Moses, so Aaron laid it up before the Testimony, to be kept.


VERSE 35. The children of Israel ate the manna forty years, until they came to an inhabited land. They ate the manna until they came to the borders of the land of Canaan.


VERSE 36. Now an omer is one tenth of an efah.

efah. This is equal to about 22 liters. Or about 2/3 of a bushel.


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Unless otherwise noted, all Bible quotations on this page are from the World English Bible and the World Messianic Edition. These translations have no copyright restrictions. They are in the Public Domain.


Author: todd

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