Exodus

In the Book of Exodus, the LORD God frees his people from slavery. And then enacts a covenant with them.

CHAPTERS: 01, 02, 03, 04, 05, 06, 07, 08, 09, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 3940

RESOURCES: Summary, Outline, Memorize, Pharaoh’s Heart, Moses’ fast

 


SUMMARY

AUTHOR. Both Scripture and tradition attribute Exodus to Moses. This was enough to satisfy most people in the synagogue and the church.

But in modern days, critical scholars insist that Exodus was compiled from various sources. This seems to be the product of rationalistic skepticism.

DATE. It seems logical that Moses composed the book during or shortly after the encampment at Sinai (1446 BC).

PURPOSE. There purpose of the Book of Exodus is to convey two central events:

  • The miraculous deliverance of Israel from Egyptian bondage
  • God’s establishing the theocratic nation under Moses by means of the Mosaic Covenant

Thus the Book of Exodus connects the origin of the people in God’s promise to Abraham with the beginning of the theocratic kingdom under Moses.

TITLE. The name of this book is v’eilleh sh’mot (“these are the names”). That is the first phrase in the book.

Sometimes it is shortened to sh’mot (“names”).

The English title Exodus (“a going out”) transliterates the title in the Septuagint, which named the book for its central focus, the departure of the Israelites from Egypt.

 


OUTLINE

 

1. GOD FREES HIS PEOPLE FROM SLAVERY

EGYPT OPPRESSES ISRAEL

Exodus 1:1-7. The Hebrew people are in Egypt

Exodus 1:8-14. A new king oppresses them

THE DELIVERER ARRIVES

Exodus 1:15-22. The Midwives become heroes of the faith

Exodus 2:1-10. Moses is born

Exodus 2:11-25. Moses flees to Midian

Exodus 3:1-12. Moses encounters a burning bush

Exodus 3:13-22. Moses is given a name for the LORD God

Exodus 4:1-17. The LORD gives Moses three miraculous signs

Exodus 4:18-31. Moses goes on his mission to Egypt

MOSES STRUGGLES AGAINST PHARAOH

Exodus 5:1-3. Moses and Aaron speak with Pharaoh

Exodus 5:4-23. Gathering straw for bricks

Exodus 6:1-13. The LORD God will free his people

Exodus 6:14-27. The genealogy of Moses and Aaron

Exodus 6:28-30. Moses objects again

Exodus 7:1-7. Moses and Aaron are sent

Exodus 7:8-13. Aaron’s staff becomes a serpent

Exodus 7:14-25. Plague #1. BLOOD

Exodus 8:1-15. Plague #2. FROGS

Exodus 8:16-19. Plague #3. GNATS

Exodus 8:20-32. Plague #4. FLIES

Exodus 9:1-7. Plague #5. LIVESTOCK

Exodus 9:8-12. Plague #6. FESTERING BOILS

Exodus 9:13-35. Plague #7. THUNDER AND HAIL

Exodus 10:1-20. Plague #8. LOCUSTS

Exodus 10:21-29. Plague #9. DARKNESS

Exodus 11:1-10. The Final Plague is immanent

Exodus 12:1-28. The first Passover

Exodus 12:29-32. Plague #10. The DEATH of the firstborn

ISRAEL IS DELIVERED FROM EGYPT

Exodus 12:33-42. The Exodus begins

Exodus 12:43-51. Passover regulations

Exodus 13:1-3. Sanctify the firstborn, part 1

Exodus 13:4-10. Unleavened Bread

Exodus 13:11-16. Sanctify the firstborn, part 2

Exodus 13:17-22. Pillar of Fire and Pillar of Cloud

Exodus 14:1-14. The Egyptian army pursues them

Exodus 14:15-25. They escape through the Red Sea

Exodus 14:26-31. The Egyptian army drowns

Exodus 15:1-19. The Song of Moses

Exodus 15:20-21. The Song of Miriam

Exodus 15:22-27. Bitter water is made sweet

Exodus 16:1-3. The desert of Sin

Exodus 16:4-15. Manna and quail

Exodus 16:16-36. Regulations about the manna

Exodus 17:1-7. Water from a rock

Exodus 17:8-16. Joshua mows down the Amalekites

Exodus 18:1-12. Jethro visits Moses

Exodus 18:13-27. Jethro offers wise advice

2. REVELATION AT SINAI

GOD’S COVENANT WITH HIS PEOPLE

Exodus 19:1-15. They arrive at Mount Sinai

Exodus 19:16-25. The LORD God manifests

Exodus 20:1-17. The Ten Commandments

Exodus 20:18-21. Reverential respect for God

Exodus 20:22-26. The Altar

Exodus 21:1-9. Owning slaves

Exodus 21:10-11. A wife’s rights

Exodus 21:12-36. Personal injury

Exodus 22:1-15. Restitution for crimes

Exodus 22:16-17. When marriage begins

Exodus 22:18-20. Capital crimes

Exodus 22:21-31. Other crimes

Exodus 23:1-9. A call for justice

Exodus 23:10-13. The Sabbath Year

Exodus 23:14-19. Annual festivals

Exodus 23:20-33. The angel of the LORD

Exodus 24:1-11. Blood sacrifices

Exodus 24:12-18. Moses goes up the mountain

Exodus 25:1-9. The first collection

Exodus 25:10-22. The Ark of the Covenant

Exodus 25:23-30. The table for the Showbread

Exodus 25:31-40. The lamp stand

Exodus 26:1-14. The Tabernacle

Exodus 26:15-29. The framework

Exodus 26:30-37. The curtain

Exodus 27:1-8. The Altar

Exodus 27:9-19. The Courtyard

Exodus 27:20-21. The Lamp

Exodus 28:1-5. Aaron’s priestly garb

Exodus 28:6-14. The Ephod (bib)

Exodus 28:15-30. The Breastplate

Exodus 28:31-38. The Robe

Exodus 28:39-43. The Tunic, Turban and Sash

Exodus 29:1-9. Aaron is made a priest

Exodus 29:10-37. Animals are killed for Aaron’s ordination

Exodus 29:38-46. Animals are to be killed every day

Exodus 30:1-10. The altar of Incense

Exodus 30:11-16. The tabernacle tax

Exodus 30:17-21. The bronze washbasin

Exodus 30:22-33. Anointing oil

Exodus 30:34-38. Incense

Exodus 31:1-11. Two master craftsmen

Exodus 31:12-17. The Sabbath begins

Exodus 31:18. Two stone tablets

GOD’S PEOPLE FAIL AND ARE RESTORED

Exodus 32:1-29. The Golden Calf

Exodus 32:30-35. Moses intercedes for his people

Exodus 33:1-6. They are a stiff-necked people

Exodus 33:7-11. The Tent of Meeting

Exodus 33:12-23. Moses beholds the LORD’s glory

Exodus 34:1-9. The LORD God passes by

Exodus 34:10-28. The LORD renews the Covenant

Exodus 34:29-35. The face of Moses shines

THEY BUILD THE TABERNACLE

Exodus 35:1-3. The Sabbath begins

Exodus 35:4-9. Take up a collection

Exodus 35:10-19. Skilled artisans needed

Exodus 35:20-29. A collection motivated by joy

Exodus 35:30-35. Two Master craftsmen

Exodus 36:1-7. The people give generously

Exodus 36:8-38. Constructing the Tabernacle

Exodus 37:1-9. Bezalel makes the Ark

Exodus 37:10-16. Bezalel makes the Table

Exodus 37:17-24. Bezalel makes the Lamp Stand

Exodus 37:25-29. Bezalel makes the Incense Altar

Exodus 38:1-7. Bezalel makes the Altar

Exodus 38:8. Bezalel makes the Washbasin

Exodus 38:9-20. Bezalel makes the Courtyard

Exodus 38:21-31. Inventory of materials used

Exodus 39:1. Making holy garments

Exodus 39:2-7. The Ephod

Exodus 39:8-21. The Breastplate

Exodus 39:22-31. Additional holy garb

Exodus 39:32-43. They present their work to Moses

Exodus 40:1-33. The Tabernacle is complete

Exodus 40:34-38. The Cloud of Glory appears

 


MEMORIZE

Exodus 4:12. Now go; I will help you speak and will teach you what to say. (NIV translation)

Exodus 11:2. Tell the people that men and women alike are to ask their neighbors for articles of silver and gold. (NIV translation)

Exodus 11:3. The LORD made the Egyptians favorably disposed toward the people, and Moses himself was highly regarded in Egypt by Pharaoh’s officials and by the people. (NIV translation)

Exodus 14:13a. Moses answered the people, “Do not be afraid. Stand firm and you will see the deliverance the LORD will bring you today.” (NIV translation)

Exodus 14:15. Quit praying and get the people moving! Forward, march! (The Living Bible translation)

Exodus 20:21. The people stood afar off, while Moses drew near to the thick darkness where God was. (RSV translation)

Exodus 23:25b. I will bless your food and drink, and I will remove all sickness from your midst. (NAB translation)

Exodus 23:27. I will send my terror ahead of you and throw into confusion every nation you encounter. I will make all your enemies turn their backs and run. (NIV translation)

Exodus 23:28. I will send the hornet ahead of you to drive the Hivites, Canaanites and Hittites out of your way.’ (NIV translation)

Exodus 23:29. But I will not drive them out in a single year, because the land would become desolate and the wild animals too numerous for you. (NIV translation)

Exodus 23:30. Little by little I will drive them out before you, until you have increased enough to possess the land. (NIV translation)

Great verses to memorize from the entire Bible

 


EXODUS

CHAPTERS: 01, 02, 03, 04, 05, 06, 07, 08, 09, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 3940

RESOURCES: Summary, Outline, Memorize, Pharaoh’s Heart, Moses’ fast

Unless otherwise noted, all Bible quotations on this page are from the World English Bible and the World Messianic Edition. These translations have no copyright restrictions. They are in the Public Domain.