Ezra

In 538 BC, Cyrus the Great announces freedom for Israelites in Babylon. Ezra chronicles their journey home and their rebuilding of the temple.

CHAPTERS: 01, 02, 03, 04, 05, 06, 07, 08, 09, 10

RESOURCES: Summary, Outline, Memorize, Seventy Years


SUMMARY

Title

The title comes from the major person in the second half of the book.

Author

Though Ezra is not referred to in the book as the author, Hebrew tradition considers Ezra the author. And among Christians, Ezra has long been considered the book’s author.

Date

The most recent events described in the book took place about 450 BC. So it would not have been written earlier than that.

In general, the Book of Ezra covers two distinct time periods:

Chapters 1-6 cover the 23 years from the edict of Cyrus to the rebuilding of the temple in Jerusalem (538-515 BC).

Chapters 7-10 deal with the events after Ezra returned from Babylon in 458 BC.

Purpose

Ezra writes to encourage the exiles who had returned.

He calls them to be involved in true temple worship.

He calls them to fulfill their covenantal obligations because of the mercy of the LORD God.

And he calls them to depend on the LORD God.

 


OUTLINE

CYRUS THE GREAT SETS THEM FREE

Ezra 1:1-4. Cyrus proclaims freedom

Ezra 1:5-11. The Persians give them gifts

Ezra 2:1-67. Fifty thousand exiles depart from Babylon

Ezra 2:68-70. After a 900-mile walk, they arrive in Jerusalem

Ezra 3:1-7. They rebuild the altar

Ezra 3:8-13. They rebuild the temple

Ezra 4:1-6. Adversaries arrive

Ezra 4:7-22. The adversaries deceive the king

Ezra 4:23-24. The rebuilding is halted

Ezra 5:1-5. They start rebuilding again

Ezra 5:6-17. The local leaders complain

Ezra 6:1-5. King Darius searches the archives

Ezra 6:6-15. King Darius sanctions the temple project

Ezra 6:16-18. The Jews dedicate the temple

Ezra 6:19-22. The Jews celebrate the Passover

THE MISSION OF EZRA

Ezra 7:1-10. Ezra is sent to Jerusalem

Ezra 7:11-26. The orders from king Artaxerxes

Ezra 7:27-28. Ezra praises the LORD

Ezra 8:1-14. Those who returned with Ezra

Ezra 8:15-20. Ezra asks Levites to join the trip

Ezra 8:21-23. Fasting and praying

Ezra 8:24-30. Guarding the valuables

Ezra 8:31-36. Arriving in Jerusalem

Ezra 9:1-15. Many of them had intermarried

Ezra 10:1-17. They admit marrying unbelievers

Ezra 10:18-44. Those who had married unbelievers

 


MEMORIZE

Ezra 7:10. For Ezra had set his heart to seek the LORD’s law, and to do it, and to teach statutes and ordinances in Israel.

Great verses to memorize from the entire Bible

 


EZRA

CHAPTERS: 01, 02, 03, 04, 05, 06, 07, 08, 09, 10

RESOURCES: Summary, Outline, Memorize, Seventy Years

Unless otherwise noted, all Bible quotations on this page are from the World English Bible and the World Messianic Edition. These translations have no copyright restrictions. They are in the Public Domain.