Hosea describes the nation’s unfaithfulness. He draws a lesson from history. He points out the nation’s pride.
VERSE 1. Ephraim feeds on wind, and chases the east wind. He continually multiplies lies and desolation. They make a covenant with Assyria, and oil is carried into Egypt.
multiplies lies. When they lost their love for the LORD God, they became a nation of liars.
When believers fall into unfaithfulness, their unfaithfulness is expressed in social injustice.
VERSE 2. The LORD also has a controversy with Judah, and will punish Jacob according to his ways; according to his deeds he will repay him.
he took his brother by the heel. Jacob’s grasping Esau’s heel foreshadowed his deception of his brother in stealing his birthright and blessing.
VERSE 4. Indeed, he struggled with the angel, and prevailed; he wept, and made supplication to him. He found him at Bethel, and there he spoke with us,
Bethel. The Hebrew word is בֵּית־אֵל (“Betheel”). It means “house of God.”
VERSE 5. even the LORD, the God of Hosts; The LORD is his name of renown!
kindness and justice. Genuine repentance involve a commitment to khesed (love) and justice.
VERSE 7. A merchant has dishonest scales in his hand. He loves to defraud.
VERSE 8. Ephraim said, “Surely I have become rich, I have found myself wealth. In all my wealth they won’t find in me any iniquity that is sin.”
VERSE 9. “But I am the LORD your God from the land of Egypt. I will yet again make you dwell in tents, as in the days of the solemn feast.
VERSE 10. I have also spoken to the prophets, and I have multiplied visions; and by the ministry of the prophets I have used parables.
I have multiplied visions. The LORD God is generous in granting visions. Many visions.
VERSE 11. If Gilead is wicked, surely they are worthless. In Gilgal they sacrifice bulls. Indeed, their altars are like heaps in the furrows of the field.
VERSE 12. Jacob fled into the country of Aram, and Israel served to get a wife, and for a wife he tended flocks and herds.
a prophet. This prophet was Moses.
VERSE 14. Ephraim has bitterly provoked anger. Therefore his blood will be left on him, and his Lord will repay his contempt.
Unless otherwise noted, all Bible quotations on this page are from the World English Bible and the World Messianic Edition. These translations have no copyright restrictions. They are in the Public Domain.