At a wedding in Cana, Jesus performs his first public miracle. In Jerusalem, he drives the vendors out of the temple. Many people believe in his miracles.
Jesus’ mother was there. Was Mary a guest? Or was she helping to host the celebration?
VERSE 2. Jesus also was invited, with his disciples, to the marriage.
Jesus also was invited. The invitation of Jesus is separate from the invitation of Mary.
Jesus’ mother said to him, “They have no wine.” Mary seems to be hinting that Jesus should do his first public miracle.
VERSE 4. Jesus said to her, “Woman, what does that have to do with you and me? My hour has not yet come.”
Woman. Many Christians imagine there was a tender mother-child relationship between Mary and Jesus.
However, Jesus calls his mother “woman,” not “mother.” The word “woman” suggests a distance between them.
what does that have to do with you and me? Jesus seems to be saying that it is not yet the right time for a miracle.
Whatever he says to you, do it. Mary still sets the stage for a possible miracle.
VERSE 6. Now there were six water pots of stone set there after the Jews’ way of purifying, containing two or three metretes apiece.
two or three metretes apiece. That is, 20 to 30 gallons.
VERSE 14. He found in the temple those who sold oxen, sheep, and doves, and the changers of money sitting.
He found in the temple those who sold. In those days, selfish merchants highjacked the temple. Instead of it being a place of prayer as God intended, the selfish merchants had turned it into a marketplace where they made lots of money.
oxen, sheep, and doves. What the selfish merchants were selling was animals to be slaughtered in blood sacrifices. Without the shedding of blood, there could be no remission of sin. So the merchants were profiting from people’s need for the forgiveness of their sins.
the changers of money. The temple had its own currency. People had to exchange their ordinary currency for temple currency. The selfish merchants were profiting from that need.
VERSE 16. To those who sold the doves, he said, “Take these things out of here! Don’t make my Father’s house a marketplace!”
Don’t make my Father’s house a marketplace! The attitude of Jesus toward the selfish merchants and their hijacking of the temple is obvious.
What is not as obvious is how to apply this to churches in our day. Many churches have places where things are sold. They have book stores and coffee vendors. They sell religious goods. Some churches host festivals where the only purpose is to sell things and make money.
They are not selling the forgiveness of sins. However, they are turning the Father’s house into a marketplace.
Zeal for your house will eat me up. Here is where that is written:
Psalm 69:9. For the zeal of your house consumes me. The reproaches of those who reproach you have fallen on me.
VERSE 23. Now when he was in Jerusalem at the Passover, during the feast, many believed in his name, observing his signs which he did.
observing his signs which he did. Belief based on signs is not sufficient.
Unless otherwise noted, all Bible quotations on this page are from the World English Bible and the World Messianic Edition. These translations have no copyright restrictions. They are in the Public Domain.