Joshua is to assign the Promised Land. The Transjordan area.
VERSE 1. Now Joshua was old and well advanced in years. The LORD said to him, “You are old and advanced in years, and there remains yet very much land to be possessed.
Joshua was old. Joshua is now an aged soldier.
He died at the age of 110 (see Joshua 24:29). So he may have been 100 years old at this time.
land to be possessed. Now it is time for Joshua to act as a real estate broker and assign the land to the various tribes.
The nation had suffered centuries of slavery in Egyptian, decades in the desert, and years of warfare in the Promised Land.
Now Joshua can finally allot the land. Then people can settle down, and build houses, and work the land, and live in peace.
That allotment effort will span this chapter and the eight that follow.
VERSE 2. “This is the land that still remains: all the regions of the Philistines, and all the Geshurites;
all the regions of the Philistines. At this point, Philistia has not yet been assigned to any of the tribes.
all the Geshurites. They lived in the desert between Arabia and Philistia.
VERSE 3. from the Shihor, which is before Egypt, even to the border of Ekron northward, which is counted as Canaanite; the five lords of the Philistines; the Gazites, and the Ashdodites, the Ashkelonites, the Gittites, and the Ekronites; also the Avvim,
VERSE 4. on the south; all the land of the Canaanites, and Mearah that belongs to the Sidonians, to Aphek, to the border of the Amorites;
VERSE 5. and the land of the Gebalites, and all Lebanon, toward the sunrise, from Baal Gad under Mount Hermon to the entrance of Hamath;
VERSE 6. all the inhabitants of the hill country from Lebanon to Misrephoth Maim, even all the Sidonians. I will drive them out from before the children of Israel. Just allocate it to Israel for an inheritance, as I have commanded you.
VERSE 7. Now therefore divide this land for an inheritance to the nine tribes and the half-tribe of Manasseh.”
VERSE 8. With him the Reubenites and the Gadites received their inheritance, which Moses gave them, beyond the Jordan eastward, even as Moses the servant of the LORD gave them:
beyond the Jordan eastward. This region is sometimes called the Transjordan. It is located east and northeast of the Sea of Galilee. It is outside the Promised Land.
Moses gave them. Three tribes had asked Moses for this region: Reuben, Gad, and Manasseh. They wanted it because it was suitable for their large herds of cattle:.
The following verses provide a survey of the area.
VERSE 9. from Aroer, that is on the edge of the valley of the Arnon, and the city that is in the middle of the valley, and all the plain of Medeba to Dibon;
VERSE 10. and all the cities of Sihon king of the Amorites, who reigned in Heshbon, to the border of the children of Ammon;
VERSE 11. and Gilead, and the border of the Geshurites and Maacathites, and all Mount Hermon, and all Bashan to Salecah;
VERSE 12. all the kingdom of Og in Bashan, who reigned in Ashtaroth and in Edrei (who was left of the remnant of the Rephaim); for Moses attacked these, and drove them out.
VERSE 13. Nevertheless the children of Israel didn’t drive out the Geshurites, nor the Maacathites: but Geshur and Maacath live within Israel to this day.
VERSE 14. Only he gave no inheritance to the tribe of Levi. The offerings of the LORD, the God of Israel, made by fire are his inheritance, as he spoke to him.
no inheritance to the tribe of Levi. The tribe of Levi received no land. Instead, they received 48 towns with pastureland as Moses had specified (see Numbers 35:1-5).
VERSE 15. Moses gave to the tribe of the children of Reuben according to their families.
VERSE 16. Their border was from Aroer, that is on the edge of the valley of the Arnon, and the city that is in the middle of the valley, and all the plain by Medeba;
VERSE 17. Heshbon, and all its cities that are in the plain; Dibon, Bamoth Baal, Beth Baal Meon,
VERSE 18. Jahaz, Kedemoth, Mephaath,
VERSE 19. Kiriathaim, Sibmah, Zereth Shahar in the mount of the valley,
VERSE 20. Beth Peor, the slopes of Pisgah, Beth Jeshimoth,
VERSE 21. all the cities of the plain, and all the kingdom of Sihon king of the Amorites, who reigned in Heshbon, whom Moses struck with the chiefs of Midian, Evi, Rekem, Zur, Hur, and Reba, the princes of Sihon, who lived in the land.
VERSE 22. The children of Israel also killed Balaam the son of Beor, the soothsayer, with the sword, among the rest of their slain.
VERSE 23. The border of the children of Reuben was the bank of the Jordan. This was the inheritance of the children of Reuben according to their families, the cities and its villages.
VERSE 24. Moses gave to the tribe of Gad, to the children of Gad, according to their families.
VERSE 25. Their border was Jazer, and all the cities of Gilead, and half the land of the children of Ammon, to Aroer that is near Rabbah;
VERSE 26. and from Heshbon to Ramath Mizpeh, and Betonim; and from Mahanaim to the border of Debir;
VERSE 27. and in the valley, Beth Haram, Beth Nimrah, Succoth, and Zaphon, the rest of the kingdom of Sihon king of Heshbon, the Jordan’s bank, to the uttermost part of the sea of Chinnereth beyond the Jordan eastward.
VERSE 28. This is the inheritance of the children of Gad according to their families, the cities and its villages.
VERSE 29. Moses gave an inheritance to the half-tribe of Manasseh. It was for the half-tribe of the children of Manasseh according to their families.
VERSE 30. Their border was from Mahanaim, all Bashan, all the kingdom of Og king of Bashan, and all the villages of Jair, which are in Bashan, sixty cities.
VERSE 31. Half Gilead, Ashtaroth, and Edrei, the cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan, were for the children of Machir the son of Manasseh, even for the half of the children of Machir according to their families.
VERSE 32. These are the inheritances which Moses distributed in the plains of Moab, beyond the Jordan at Jericho, eastward.
VERSE 33. But Moses gave no inheritance to the tribe of Levi. The LORD, the God of Israel, is their inheritance, as he spoke to them.
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