2 Chronicles chapter 35

Josiah celebrates the Passover. He is killed in battle.



Note: Many people find it morally objectionable that a religion requires the killing of innocent animals.





VERSE 1. Josiah kept a Passover to the LORD in Jerusalem. They killed the Passover on the fourteenth day of the first month.

Josiah kept a Passover to the LORD. Back in chapter 30, King Hezekiah had celebrated the Passover as well.


VERSE 2. He set the priests in their offices and encouraged them in the service of the LORD’s house.

the priests. Josiah gets the priests involved in the Passover.


VERSE 3. He said to the Levites who taught all Israel, who were holy to the LORD, “Put the holy ark in the house which Solomon the son of David king of Israel built. It will no longer be a burden on your shoulders. Now serve the LORD your God and his people Israel.

the Levites. Josiah gets the Levites involved in the Passover.

who taught all Israel. The job of a Levite is to instruct all Israel.

Put the holy ark in the house. The Ark of the Covenant is to be left in the temple.

They will not carry it in procession as they did back in the wilderness. That was because there was no permanent place for it.


VERSE 4. Prepare yourselves after your fathers’ houses by your divisions, according to the writing of David king of Israel, and according to the writing of Solomon his son.


VERSE 5. Stand in the holy place according to the divisions of the fathers’ houses of your brothers the children of the people, and let there be for each a portion of a fathers’ house of the Levites.


VERSE 6. Kill the Passover lamb, sanctify yourselves, and prepare for your brothers, to do according to the LORD’s word by Moses.”


VERSE 7. Josiah gave to the children of the people, of the flock, lambs and young goats, all of them for the Passover offerings, to all who were present, to the number of thirty thousand, and three thousand bulls. These were of the king’s substance.

the children. Josiah gets the children involved in the Passover.

of the people. Josiah gets the regular people involved in the Passover.

thirty thousand. A whole lot of sheep and goats are killed.

and three thousand bulls. A whole lot of cattle are killed.


VERSE 8. His princes gave a free will offering to the people, to the priests, and to the Levites. Hilkiah, Zechariah, and Jehiel, the rulers of God’s house, gave to the priests for the Passover offerings two thousand six hundred small livestock, and three hundred head of cattle.


VERSE 9. Conaniah also, and Shemaiah and Nethanel, his brothers, and Hashabiah, Jeiel, and Jozabad, the chiefs of the Levites, gave to the Levites for the Passover offerings five thousand small livestock and five hundred head of cattle.


VERSE 10. So the service was prepared, and the priests stood in their place, and the Levites by their divisions, according to the king’s commandment.


VERSE 11. They killed the Passover lambs, and the priests sprinkled the blood which they received from their hands, and the Levites skinned them.

sprinkled the blood. They sprinkle the blood on the altar.


VERSE 12. They removed the burnt offerings, that they might give them according to the divisions of the fathers’ houses of the children of the people, to offer to the LORD, as it is written in the book of Moses. They did the same with the cattle.


VERSE 13. They roasted the Passover with fire according to the ordinance. They boiled the holy offerings in pots, in cauldrons, and in pans, and carried them quickly to all the children of the people.

They roast and boil the sacrifices, as the Law requires.


VERSE 14. Afterward they prepared for themselves and for the priests, because the priests the sons of Aaron were busy with offering the burnt offerings and the fat until night. Therefore the Levites prepared for themselves and for the priests the sons of Aaron.

Afterward they prepared for themselves. The Levites and priests are the last people to eat.


VERSE 15. The singers, the sons of Asaph, were in their place, according to the commandment of David, Asaph, Heman, and Jeduthun the king’s seer; and the gatekeepers were at every gate. They didn’t need to depart from their service, because their brothers the Levites prepared for them.


VERSE 16. So all the service of the LORD was prepared the same day, to keep the Passover, and to offer burnt offerings on the LORD’s altar, according to the commandment of king Josiah.


VERSE 17. The children of Israel who were present kept the Passover at that time, and the feast of unleavened bread seven days.


VERSE 18. There was no Passover like that kept in Israel from the days of Samuel the prophet, nor did any of the kings of Israel keep such a Passover as Josiah kept—with the priests, the Levites, and all Judah and Israel who were present, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem.

There was no Passover like that kept in Israel from the days of Samuel the prophet. Samuel the prophet ministered prior to all the kings of Judah.

No king did the Passover with excellence like Josiah.

That means even David and Solomon did not get the Passover right, compared to Josiah.


VERSE 19. This Passover was kept in the eighteenth year of the reign of Josiah.




VERSE 20. After all this, when Josiah had prepared the temple, Neco king of Egypt went up to fight against Carchemish by the Euphrates, and Josiah went out against him.

After all this. It is 609 BC.  By this point in history, Assyria had become weak and lost most of her empire. Nineveh has fallen. The Babylonians are advancing to attack.

Neco king of Egypt. He favors Assyria. For that reason, Egypt is advancing to help Assyria.

Josiah went out against him. Josiah favors the Babylonians. And Egypt is about to attack them. So Josiah sets out to intercept the Egyptians.


VERSE 21. But he sent ambassadors to him, saying, “What have I to do with you, you king of Judah? I come not against you today, but against the house with which I have war. God has commanded me to make haste. Beware that it is God who is with me, that he not destroy you.”

he sent ambassadors. King Neco of Egypt sends ambassadors to king Josiah.

I come not against you. King Neco of Egypt makes it clear that he is not against King Josiah.


VERSE 22. Nevertheless Josiah would not turn his face from him, but disguised himself, that he might fight with him, and didn’t listen to the words of Neco from the mouth of God, and came to fight in the valley of Megiddo.

Josiah would not turn his face from him. Josiah is resolved to attack Egypt.

the valley of Megiddo. That is, “Hor Meggido.” In English, we call it “Armageddon.”

Armageddon is a place, not an event.


VERSE 23. The archers shot at king Josiah; and the king said to his servants, “Take me away, because I am seriously wounded!”


VERSE 24. So his servants took him out of the chariot, and put him in the second chariot that he had, and brought him to Jerusalem; and he died, and was buried in the tombs of his fathers. All Judah and Jerusalem mourned for Josiah.


VERSE 25. Jeremiah lamented for Josiah, and all the singing men and singing women spoke of Josiah in their lamentations to this day; and they made them an ordinance in Israel. Behold, they are written in the lamentations.

Jeremiah lamented for Josiah. The death of godly king Josiah was shocking.

Jeremiah the prophet composes laments for the occasion.


VERSE 26. Now the rest of the acts of Josiah and his good deeds, according to that which is written in the LORD’s law,


VERSE 27. and his acts, first and last, behold, they are written in the book of the kings of Israel and Judah.


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Author: todd

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