2 Samuel chapter 18

Joab kills Absalom. David comes to his senses.





VERSE 1. David counted the people who were with him, and set captains of thousands and captains of hundreds over them.

David counted the people. David is now in a place of security. And his supplies are replenished. So he quickly reorganizes his army.


VERSE 2. David sent the people out, a third part under the hand of Joab, and a third part under the hand of Abishai the son of Zeruiah, Joab’s brother, and a third part under the hand of Ittai the Gittite. The king said to the people, “I will also surely go out with you myself.”

Joab … Abishai … Ittai. These three will lead David’s army.


VERSE 3. But the people said, “You shall not go out; for if we flee away, they will not care for us; neither if half of us die, will they care for us. But you are worth ten thousand of us. Therefore now it is better that you are ready to help us out of the city.”

You shall not go out. The people want David to remain behind in safety, far from combat.


VERSE 4. The king said to them, “I will do what seems best to you.” The king stood beside the gate, and all the people went out by hundreds and by thousands.

I will do what seems best to you. David is completely lost. Now he is accepting policy suggestions from a crowd.


VERSE 5. The king commanded Joab and Abishai and Ittai, saying, “Deal gently for my sake with the young man, even with Absalom.” All the people heard when the king commanded all the captains concerning Absalom.


VERSE 6. So the people went out into the field against Israel; and the battle was in the forest of Ephraim.


VERSE 7. The people of Israel were struck there before David’s servants, and there was a great slaughter there that day of twenty thousand men.


VERSE 8. For the battle was there spread over the surface of all the country, and the forest devoured more people that day than the sword devoured.


VERSE 9. Absalom happened to meet David’s servants. Absalom was riding on his mule, and the mule went under the thick boughs of a great oak, and his head caught hold of the oak, and he was taken up between the sky and earth; and the mule that was under him went on.

his head caught hold of the oak. This is so unfortunate for Absalom, and so unlikely, that it is almost comical.


VERSE 10. A certain man saw it, and told Joab, and said, “Behold, I saw Absalom hanging in an oak.”


VERSE 11. Joab said to the man who told him, “Behold, you saw it, and why didn’t you strike him there to the ground? I would have given you ten pieces of silver, and a sash.”


VERSE 12. The man said to Joab, “Though I should receive a thousand pieces of silver in my hand, I still wouldn’t stretch out my hand against the king’s son; for in our hearing the king commanded you and Abishai and Ittai, saying, ‘Beware that no one touch the young man Absalom.’

Beware that no one touch the young man Absalom. This man was right to not assassinate the king’s son.


VERSE 13. Otherwise if I had dealt falsely against his life (and there is no matter hidden from the king), then you yourself would have set yourself against me.”


VERSE 14. Then Joab said, “I’m not going to wait like this with you.” He took three darts in his hand, and thrust them through the heart of Absalom, while he was yet alive in the middle of the oak.

I’m not going to wait. Joab is impulsive. Despite the king’s order, Joab kills Absalom.


VERSE 15. Ten young men who bore Joab’s armor surrounded and struck Absalom, and killed him.


VERSE 16. Joab blew the shofar, and the people returned from pursuing after Israel; for Joab held the people back.


VERSE 17. They took Absalom and cast him into a great pit in the forest, and raised over him a very great heap of stones. Then all Israel fled, each to his own tent.


VERSE 18. Now Absalom in his lifetime had taken and reared up for himself the pillar which is in the king’s valley, for he said, “I have no son to keep my name in memory.” He called the pillar after his own name. It is called Absalom’s monument, to this day.




VERSE 19. Then Ahimaaz the son of Zadok said, “Let me now run and carry the king news, how the LORD has avenged him of his enemies.”


VERSE 20. Joab said to him, “You must not be the bearer of news today, but you must carry news another day. But today you must carry no news, because the king’s son is dead.”


VERSE 21. Then Joab said to the Cushite, “Go, tell the king what you have seen!” The Cushite bowed himself to Joab, and ran.

the Cushite. That is, an Ethiopian.


VERSE 22. Then Ahimaaz the son of Zadok said yet again to Joab, “But come what may, please let me also run after the Cushite.” Joab said, “Why do you want to run, my son, since you will have no reward for the news?”


VERSE 23. “But come what may,” he said, “I will run.” He said to him, “Run!” Then Ahimaaz ran by the way of the Plain, and outran the Cushite.


VERSE 24. Now David was sitting between the two gates; and the watchman went up to the roof of the gate to the wall, and lifted up his eyes, and looked, and, behold, a man running alone.


VERSE 25. The watchman cried, and told the king. The king said, “If he is alone, there is news in his mouth.” He came closer and closer.


VERSE 26. The watchman saw another man running; and the watchman called to the gatekeeper, and said, “Behold, a man running alone!” The king said, “He also brings news.”


VERSE 27. The watchman said, “I think the running of the first one is like the running of Ahimaaz the son of Zadok.” The king said, “He is a good man, and comes with good news.”

He is a good man. David correlates people’s loyalty to himself with moral goodness.


VERSE 28. Ahimaaz called, and said to the king, “All is well.” He bowed himself before the king with his face to the earth, and said, “Blessed is the LORD your God, who has delivered up the men who lifted up their hand against my lord the king!”


VERSE 29. The king said, “Is it well with the young man Absalom?” Ahimaaz answered, “When Joab sent the king’s servant, even me your servant, I saw a great tumult, but I don’t know what it was.”


VERSE 30. The king said, “Come and stand here.” He came, and stood still.


VERSE 31. Behold, the Cushite came. The Cushite said, “News for my lord the king, for the LORD has avenged you today of all those who rose up against you.”


VERSE 32. The king said to the Cushite, “Is it well with the young man Absalom?” The Cushite answered, “May the enemies of my lord the king, and all who rise up against you to do you harm, be as that young man is.”

Is it well with the young man Absalom? David inquires about his son.


VERSE 33. The king was much moved, and went up to the room over the gate, and wept. As he went, he said, “My son Absalom! My son, my son Absalom! I wish I had died for you, Absalom, my son, my son!”

My son Absalom! Finally, David has feelings for Absalom.

David spiraled downward ever since he sided with a known rapist and against the victim. Perhaps David will now be able to recover.


next chapter »

« previous chapter


CHAPTERS: 01, 020304, 05, 06, 0708, 09, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

RESOURCES: Summary, Outline, Memorize

Unless otherwise noted, all Bible quotations on this page are from the World English Bible and the World Messianic Edition. These translations have no copyright restrictions. They are in the Public Domain.


Author: todd

At Explore the Faith, I share insights into the Bible and theological writings. If you like what I write, become my partner by donating. Help me reach the world for the Lord Jesus Christ.