Non-Jewish mourning rites. Clean and unclean animals. The tithe party.
VERSE 1. You are the children of the LORD your God. You shall not cut yourselves, nor make any baldness between your eyes for the dead.
children of the LORD your God. The LORD God chose them to be his treasured people.
You shall not cut yourselves. In those days, people in other nations lacerated their bodies as a part of mourning. Perhaps such a practice conflicted with faith in the LORD God.
nor make any baldness. In those days, people in other nations shaved their head as part of mourning. Perhaps such a practice conflicted with faith in the LORD God.
VERSE 2. For you are a holy people to the LORD your God, and the LORD has chosen you to be a people for his own possession, above all peoples who are on the face of the earth.
you are a holy people to the LORD your God. They were especially called and chosen.
above all peoples who are on the face of the earth. Their calling was greater than that of any other people.
New International Version. Do not eat any detestable thing.
abominable. The Hebrew word is תּוֹעֵבָֽה (“tō·w·‘ê·ḇāh.”). It means abomination. It is also translated as detestable, loathsome.
In our day many Christians eat junk food. And other foods that any dietary expert would warn against.
Such people are eating “abominable” foods.
These are the animals which you may eat. They are indeed allowed to eat animals.
Some people scoff at this list of “clean” and “unclean” animals.
However, in our day, we too have lists. Ours are based on diet gurus. Our dietary gurus tell us which foods are “permitted” and which are “forbidden.”
VERSE 5. the deer, the gazelle, the roebuck, the wild goat, the ibex, the antelope, and the chamois.
VERSE 6. Every animal that parts the hoof, and has the hoof split in two and chews the cud, among the animals, you may eat.
VERSE 7. Nevertheless these you shall not eat of them that chew the cud, or of those who have the hoof split: the camel, the hare, and the rabbit. Because they chew the cud but don’t part the hoof, they are unclean to you.
VERSE 8. The pig, because it has a split hoof but doesn’t chew the cud, is unclean to you. You shall not eat their meat. You shall not touch their carcasses.
VERSE 9. These you may eat of all that are in the waters: you may eat whatever has fins and scales.
VERSE 10. You shall not eat whatever doesn’t have fins and scales. It is unclean to you.
VERSE 11. Of all clean birds you may eat.
eagle … vulture … osprey. These are carrion-eaters.
VERSE 13. the red kite, the falcon, the kite of any kind,
VERSE 14. every raven of any kind,
VERSE 15. the ostrich, the owl, the seagull, the hawk of any kind,
VERSE 16. the little owl, the great owl, the horned owl,
VERSE 17. the pelican, the vulture, the cormorant,
VERSE 18. the stork, the heron after its kind, the hoopoe, and the bat.
VERSE 19. All winged creeping things are unclean to you. They shall not be eaten.
VERSE 20. Of all clean birds you may eat.
VERSE 21. You shall not eat of anything that dies of itself. You may give it to the foreigner living among you who is within your gates, that he may eat it; or you may sell it to a foreigner; for you are a holy people to the LORD your God. You shall not boil a young goat in its mother’s milk.
not eat of anything that dies of itself. They cannot eat anything that was already dead.
VERSE 22. You shall surely tithe all the increase of your seed, that which comes out of the field year by year.
VERSE 23. You shall eat before the LORD your God, in the place which he chooses to cause his name to dwell, the tithe of your grain, of your new wine, and of your oil, and the firstborn of your herd and of your flock; that you may learn to fear the LORD your God always.
You shall eat before the LORD your God. Originally, your tithe did NOT go to a religious organization.
Rather, the tithe was a picnic lunch you ate while you were on holy pilgrimage to the temple.
The tithe was not an obligation. Rather, the tithe was festive and happy.
The tithe was a PARTY!
VERSE 24. If the way is too long for you, so that you are not able to carry it because the place which the LORD your God shall choose to set his name there is too far from you, when the LORD your God blesses you,
VERSE 25. then you shall turn it into money, bind up the money in your hand, and shall go to the place which the LORD your God shall choose.
VERSE 26. You shall trade the money for whatever your soul desires: for cattle, or for sheep, or for wine, or for strong drink, or for whatever your soul asks of you. You shall eat there before the LORD your God, and you shall rejoice, you and your household.
for whatever your soul desires. With their tithe money, they could buy just about anything.
Whether cattle or sheep, wine or strong drink, or for whatever they wanted.
The tithe was a PARTY!
you shall rejoice. That is, you shall make merry!
VERSE 27. You shall not forsake the Levite who is within your gates, for he has no portion nor inheritance with you.
VERSE 28. At the end of every three years you shall bring all the tithe of your increase in the same year, and shall store it within your gates.
VERSE 29. The Levite, because he has no portion nor inheritance with you, as well as the foreigner living among you, the fatherless, and the widow who are within your gates shall come, and shall eat and be satisfied; that the LORD your God may bless you in all the work of your hand which you do.
Unless otherwise noted, all Bible quotations on this page are from the World English Bible and the World Messianic Edition. These translations have no copyright restrictions. They are in the Public Domain.