The Book of Deuteronomy is a compilation of Moses’ sermons on the Law. He preached to get people to make a fresh commitment to the LORD God.
The Hebrew title of the book is eilleh hadd’vareem. That means “these are the words.”
That is a great title, for it is a compilation of Moses’ sermons on the Law.
However, in English, it is called “Deuteronomy.” That name came from a mistranslation of Deuteronomy 17:18. Instead of saying “this repetition of the Law,” it said “second Law.”
Universal Jewish and Christian tradition attributes the Book of Deuteronomy, along with the rest of the Pentateuch, to Moses.
But in modern days, critical scholars insist that Deuteronomy was compiled from various sources. This seems to be the product of rationalistic skepticism.
The Book of Deuteronomy itself claims to be the words of Moses to the nation at the end of the 15th century BC. just before Israel entered the Promised Land.
Moses was preaching the Law to Israel to impress it on their hearts.
His goal was to get the people to renew the covenant made at Sinai. That is, to make a fresh commitment to the LORD God.
Only by unreservedly committing themselves to the LORD God could the people hope to enter the Promised Land, conquer its inhabitants, and then live in prosperity and peace.
Recapitulation of the Law at Horeb
The great commands and warnings
The code of specific laws
FROM MOSES TO JOSHUA
Deuteronomy 1:6. The LORD our God spoke to us in Horeb, saying, ‘You have lived long enough at this mountain.
Deuteronomy 2:25. Today I will begin to put the dread of you and the fear of you on the peoples who are under the whole sky, who shall hear the report of you, and shall tremble and be in anguish because of you.
Deuteronomy 4:2. You shall not add to the word which I command you, neither shall you take away from it, that you may keep the commandments of the LORD your God which I command you.
Deuteronomy 4:24. For the LORD your God is a devouring fire, a jealous God.
Deuteronomy 6:1. These are the commands, decrees and laws the Lord your God directed me to teach you to observe in the land that you are crossing the Jordan to possess, (NLT translation)
Deuteronomy 6:2. so that you, your children and their children after them may fear the Lord your God as long as you live by keeping all his decrees and commands that I give you, and so that you may enjoy long life. (NLT translation)
Deuteronomy 6:3. Hear, Israel, and be careful to obey so that it may go well with you and that you may increase greatly in a land flowing with milk and honey, just as the Lord, the God of your ancestors, promised you. (NLT translation)
Deuteronomy 6:4. Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God, the LORD is one. (NIV translation)
Deuteronomy 6:5. Love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength. (NIV translation)
Deuteronomy 6:6. These commandments that I give you today are to be upon your hearts. (NIV translation)
Deuteronomy 6:7. Impress them on your children. Talk about them when you sit at home and when you walk along the road, when you lie down and when you get up. (NIV translation)
Deuteronomy 6:8. Tie them as symbols on your hands and bind them on your foreheads. (NLT translation)
Deuteronomy 6:9. Write them on the doorframes of your houses and on your gates. (NLT translation)
Deuteronomy 6:10. When the Lord your God brings you into the land he swore to your fathers, to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, to give you–a land with large, flourishing cities you did not build, (NLT translation)
Deuteronomy 6:11. houses filled with all kinds of good things you did not provide, wells you did not dig, and vineyards and olive groves you did not plant–then when you eat and are satisfied, (NLT translation)
Deuteronomy 6:12. be careful that you do not forget the Lord, who brought you out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery. (NLT translation)
Deuteronomy 6:13. Fear the Lord your God, serve him only and take your oaths in his name. (NLT translation)
Deuteronomy 6:14. Do not follow other gods, the gods of the peoples around you; (NLT translation)
Deuteronomy 6:15. for the Lord your God, who is among you, is a jealous God and his anger will burn against you, and he will destroy you from the face of the land. (NLT translation)
Deuteronomy 6:16. Do not put the Lord your God to the test as you did at Massah. (NLT translation)
Deuteronomy 6:17. Be sure to keep the commands of the Lord your God and the stipulations and decrees he has given you. (NLT translation)
Deuteronomy 6:18. Do what is right and good in the Lord’s sight, so that it may go well with you and you may go in and take over the good land the Lord promised on oath to your ancestors, (NLT translation)
Deuteronomy 6:19. thrusting out all your enemies before you, as the Lord said. (NLT translation)
Deuteronomy 6:20. In the future, when your son asks you, “What is the meaning of the stipulations, decrees and laws the Lord our God has commanded you?” (NLT translation)
Deuteronomy 6:21. tell him: “We were slaves of Pharaoh in Egypt, but the Lord brought us out of Egypt with a mighty hand. (NLT translation)
Deuteronomy 6:22. Before our eyes the Lord sent signs and wonders–great and terrible–on Egypt and Pharaoh and his whole household. (NLT translation)
Deuteronomy 6:23. But he brought us out from there to bring us in and give us the land he promised on oath to our ancestors. (NLT translation)
Deuteronomy 6:24. The Lord commanded us to obey all these decrees and to fear the Lord our God, so that we might always prosper and be kept alive, as is the case today. (NLT translation)
Deuteronomy 6:25. And if we are careful to obey all this law before the Lord our God, as he has commanded us, that will be our righteousness. (NLT translation)
Deuteronomy 8:18. But remember the LORD your God, for it is he who gives you the ability to produce wealth, and so confirms his covenant, which he swore to your forefathers, as it is today. (NIV translation)
Deuteronomy 11:18a. Therefore you shall lay up these words of mine in your heart and in your soul.
Deuteronomy 14:3. You shall not eat any abominable thing.
Deuteronomy 15:1. At the end of every seven years, you shall cancel debts.
Deuteronomy 15:11. For the poor will never cease out of the land. Therefore I command you to surely open your hand to your brother, to your needy, and to your poor, in your land.
Deuteronomy 24:5. When a man takes a new wife, he shall not go out in the army, neither shall he be assigned any business. He shall be free at home one year, and shall cheer his wife whom he has taken.
Deuteronomy 30:19. I call heaven and earth to record this day against you, that I have set before you life and death, blessing and cursing: therefore choose life, that both thou and thy seed may live. (KJV translation)
Deuteronomy 31:6. Be strong and courageous. Don’t be afraid or scared of them; for the LORD your God himself is who goes with you. He will not fail you nor forsake you.”
Deuteronomy 32:47. They are not just idle words for you – they are your life. By them you will live long in the land you are crossing the Jordan to possess. (NIV translation)