Jeremiah prophecies against the neighboring countries of Ammon, Edom, Damascus, Kedar and Hazor, and Elam.
VERSE 1. Of the children of Ammon. The LORD says: “Has Israel no sons? Has he no heir? Why then does Malcam possess Gad, and his people dwell in its cities?
the children of Ammon. The Ammonites were located east of the Jordan River and north of Moab.
Why then does Malcam possess Gad. Israel had been taken captive in 722 BC. Ammon seized the land.
VERSE 2. Therefore behold, the days come,” says the LORD, “that I will cause an alarm of war to be heard against Rabbah of the children of Ammon; and it will become a desolate heap, and her daughters will be burned with fire: then Israel will possess those who possessed him,” says the LORD.
against Rabbah. Rabbah was the capital city of Ammon.
VERSE 3. “Wail, Heshbon, for Ai is laid waste! Cry, you daughters of Rabbah! Clothe yourself in sackcloth. Lament, and run back and forth among the fences; for Malcam will go into captivity, his priests and his princes together.
VERSE 4. Why do you boast in the valleys, your flowing valley, backsliding daughter? You trusted in her treasures, saying, ‘Who will come to me?’
Why do you boast. Ammon’s main problem was pride.
VERSE 5. Behold, I will bring a terror on you,” says the Lord, the LORD of Hosts, “from all who are around you. All of you will be driven completely out, and there will be no one to gather together the fugitives.
VERSE 6. “But afterward I will reverse the captivity of the children of Ammon,” says the LORD.
VERSE 7. Of Edom, the LORD of Hosts says: “Is wisdom no more in Teman? Has counsel perished from the prudent? Has their wisdom vanished?
Of Edom. Edom was located south of Moab and east of the Dead Sea. It had a history of conflict with Judah.
VERSE 8. Flee! Turn back! Dwell in the depths, inhabitants of Dedan; for I will bring the calamity of Esau on him when I visit him.
VERSE 9. If grape gatherers came to you, would they not leave some gleaning grapes? If thieves came by night, wouldn’t they steal until they had enough?
VERSE 10. But I have made Esau bare, I have uncovered his secret places, and he will not be able to hide himself. His offspring is destroyed, with his brothers and his neighbors; and he is no more.
VERSE 12. For the LORD says: “Behold, they to whom it didn’t pertain to drink of the cup will certainly drink; and are you he who will altogether go unpunished? You won’t go unpunished, but you will surely drink.
VERSE 13. For I have sworn by myself,” says the LORD, “that Bozrah will become an astonishment, a reproach, a waste, and a curse. All its cities will be perpetual wastes.”
VERSE 14. I have heard news from the LORD, and an ambassador is sent among the nations, saying, “Gather yourselves together! Come against her! Rise up to the battle!”
an ambassador is sent. Jeremiah borrows a term from the world of diplomats. He pictures the LORD God sending an ambassador.
Nations send ambassadors abroad. And the Lord Jesus Christ sends us out as his ambassadors to the world. Read more »
VERSE 15. “For, behold, I have made you small among the nations, and despised among men.
VERSE 16. As for your terror, the pride of your heart has deceived you, O you who dwell in the clefts of the rock, who hold the height of the hill, though you should make your nest as high as the eagle, I will bring you down from there,” says the LORD.
VERSE 17. “Edom will become an astonishment. Everyone who passes by it will be astonished, and will hiss at all its plagues.
VERSE 18. As in the overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrah and its neighbor cities,” says the LORD, “no man will dwell there, neither will any son of man live therein.
VERSE 19. “Behold, he will come up like a lion from the pride of the Jordan against the strong habitation: for I will suddenly make them run away from it; and whoever is chosen, I will appoint him over it. For who is like me? Who will appoint me a time? Who is the shepherd who will stand before me?”
VERSE 20. Therefore hear the counsel of the LORD, that he has taken against Edom; and his purposes, that he has purposed against the inhabitants of Teman: Surely they will drag them away, the little ones of the flock. Surely he will make their habitation desolate over them.
VERSE 21. The earth trembles at the noise of their fall; there is a cry, the noise which is heard in the Sea of Suf.
VERSE 23. Of Damascus: “Hamath is confounded, and Arpad; for they have heard evil news. They have melted away. There is sorrow on the sea. It can’t be quiet.
VERSE 24. Damascus has grown feeble, she turns herself to flee, and trembling has seized her. Anguish and sorrows have taken hold of her, as of a woman in travail.
the city of praise. This is a wonderful description! The city was a city of praise!
We pray that our own own hearts and lives will be cities of praise for God Almighty!
the city of my joy. It was a city that brought joy to the LORD God.
We pray that our own hearts and lives will bring joy to God Almighty!
VERSE 26. Therefore her young men will fall in her streets, and all the men of war will be brought to silence in that day,” says the LORD of Hosts.
VERSE 27. “I will kindle a fire in the wall of Damascus, and it will devour the palaces of Ben Hadad.”
VERSE 28. Of Kedar, and of the kingdoms of Hazor, which Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon struck. The LORD says: “Arise, go up to Kedar, and destroy the children of the east.
VERSE 29. They will take their tents and their flocks. they will carry away for themselves their curtains, all their vessels, and their camels; and they will cry to them, ‘Terror on every side!’
VERSE 30. Flee! Wander far off! Dwell in the depths, you inhabitants of Hazor,” says the LORD; “for Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon has taken counsel against you, and has conceived a purpose against you.
VERSE 31. Arise! Go up to a nation that is at ease, that dwells without care,” says the LORD; “that has neither gates nor bars, that dwells alone.
VERSE 32. Their camels will be a booty, and the multitude of their livestock a plunder. I will scatter to all winds those who have the corners of their beards cut off; and I will bring their calamity from every side of them,” says the LORD.
VERSE 33. Hazor will be a dwelling place of jackals, a desolation forever. No man will dwell there, neither will any son of man live therein.”
VERSE 34. The LORD’s word that came to Jeremiah the prophet concerning Elam, in the beginning of the reign of Zedekiah king of Judah, saying,
VERSE 35. “The LORD of Hosts says: ‘Behold, I will break the bow of Elam, the chief of their might.
VERSE 36. I will bring on Elam the four winds from the four quarters of the sky, and will scatter them toward all those winds. There will be no nation where the outcasts of Elam will not come.
VERSE 37. I will cause Elam to be dismayed before their enemies, and before those who seek their life. I will bring evil on them, even my fierce anger,’ says the LORD; ‘and I will send the sword after them, until I have consumed them.
VERSE 38. I will set my throne in Elam, and will destroy from there king and princes,’ says the LORD.
VERSE 39. ‘But it will happen in the latter days that I will reverse the captivity of Elam,’ says the LORD.”
Unless otherwise noted, all Bible quotations on this page are from the World English Bible and the World Messianic Edition. These translations have no copyright restrictions. They are in the Public Domain.