1 Chronicles

First Chronicles was written after Judah began to return from their exile in Babylon. It re-tells their history, and reassures them of God’s faithfulness to them.

CHAPTERS: 01, 02, 03, 04, 05, 06, 07, 08, 09, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29

RESOURCES: Summary, Outline, Memorize


SUMMARY

Title

In Hebrew, the book is called Divrei HaYamim, which means “The Matters of the Days.”

In Greek, it is called Paralipoménōn (Παραλειπομένων), “things left on one side”.

Our title in English comes from the 5th century scholar Jerome. He referred to the book as a chronikon.

Author

The author is unknown, although many have thought that Ezra was the principal writer.

Date

The books of First Chronicles and Second Chronicles were originally one scroll.

The earliest evidence of the division of the book into two is in the Septuagint, the Greek version of the Old Testament, of about 200 BC.

They were written some time after 538 BC. That is, after Judah began to return from the Babylonian exile.

Purpose

The books focus primarily on the history of Judah.

First Chronicles begins with several genealogies, with special emphasis on David and Solomon.

The “chronicler” moves next to the history of the kingdom under David, stressing David’s deep interest in worship and his detailed plans for the construction of the temple—which would be built by his son Solomon.

First Chronicles was probably written to reassure the returned exiles of the LORD God’s faithfulness to them.

 


OUTLINE

GENEALOGIES

PATRIARCHAL GENEALOGIES

1 Chronicles 1:1-27. The genealogy from Adam to Abraham

1 Chronicles 1:28-54. The genealogy from Abraham to Jacob

GENEALOGY OF JUDAH

1 Chronicles 2:1-55. The genealogy of Judah

GENEALOGY OF DAVID

1 Chronicles 3:1-24. The descendants of David

GENEALOGY OF JUDAH

1 Chronicles 4:1-23. Other descendants of Judah

GENEALOGY OF SIMEON

1 Chronicles 4:24-43. Descendants of Simeon

GENEALOGIES OF THE TRIBES ACROSS THE JORDAN

1 Chronicles 5:1-10. Descendants of Reuben

1 Chronicles 5:13-17. Descendants of Gad

1 Chronicles 5:18-22. Exploits of the tribes east of the Jordan

1 Chronicles 5:23-26. Descendants of Manasseh

GENEALOGY OF LEVI

1 Chronicles 6:1-15. The priestly lineage of Levi

1 Chronicles 6:16-30. Other descendants of Levi

1 Chronicles 6:31-48. The temple musicians

1 Chronicles 6:49-53. Aaron’s descendants

1 Chronicles 6:54-81. Territory for the Levites

GENEALOGIES OF THE SIX NORTHERN TRIBES

1 Chronicles 7:1-5. The descendants of Issachar

1 Chronicles 7:6-12. The descendants of Benjamin

1 Chronicles 7:13. The descendants of Naphtali

1 Chronicles 7:14-19. The descendants of Manasseh

1 Chronicles 7:20-29. The descendants of Ephraim

1 Chronicles 7:30-40. The descendants of Asher

GENEALOGY OF SAUL

1 Chronicles 8:1-40. The genealogy of Benjamin

1 Chronicles 9:1-9. The genealogy of the exiles from Babylon: political leaders

1 Chronicles 9:10-13. The genealogy of the exiles from Babylon: priests

1 Chronicles 9:14-16. The genealogy of the exiles from Babylon: Levites

1 Chronicles 9:17-27. The genealogy of the exiles from Babylon: gatekeepers

1 Chronicles 9:28-34. The genealogy of the exiles from Babylon: sacristans

1 Chronicles 9:35-44. The genealogy of the exiles from Babylon: Saul

THE REIGN OF DAVID

SAUL COMMITS SUICIDE

1 Chronicles 10:1-14. King Saul commits suicide

DAVID’S MIGHTY MEN

1 Chronicles 11:1-3. David becomes king

1 Chronicles 11:4-9. David conquers Jerusalem

1 Chronicles 11:10-47. David’s mighty men

1 Chronicles 12:1-40. The mighty men join David

TRANSPORTING THE ARK

1 Chronicles 13:1-14. David moves the Ark of the Covenant

DAVID BUILDS HIS EMPIRE IN JERUSALEM

1 Chronicles 14:1-2. David builds an opulent palace for himself

1 Chronicles 14:3-7. David marries many women

1 Chronicles 14:8-17. David conquers the Philistines

1 Chronicles 15:1-29. David moves the Ark of the Covenant

1 Chronicles 16:1-6. David puts the Ark of the Covenant in a tent

1 Chronicles 16:7-36. David says a long prayer

1 Chronicles 16:37-43. Worship before the Ark of the Covenant

DAVID DESIRES A TEMPLE

1 Chronicles 17:1-27. David wants to build a temple

DAVID’S FOREIGN AFFAIRS

1 Chronicles 18:1-13. David starts wars

1 Chronicles 18:14-17. David becomes a nepotist

1 Chronicles 19:1-19. War with the Ammonites

1 Chronicles 20:1-3. David enslaves Rabbah

1 Chronicles 20:4-8. Battles with Philistine giants

DAVID TAKES A CENSUS

1 Chronicles 21:1-6. David foolishly orders a census

1 Chronicles 21:7-30. Immense suffering due to David

DAVID PLANS A TEMPLE

1 Chronicles 22:1-19. David stockpiles materials for the temple

DAVID’S BUREAUCRACY

1 Chronicles 23:1-32. David reassigns the 38,000 Levites

1 Chronicles 24:1-31. David reorganizes the priests

1 Chronicles 25:1-31. David reorganizes the music ministry

1 Chronicles 26:1-19. David reorganizes the ushers

1 Chronicles 26:20-32. David reorganizes the administrators

1 Chronicles 27:1-34. David appoints government officials

DAVID’S FAREWELL ADDRESS

1 Chronicles 28:1-8. David’s instructions to Israel

1 Chronicles 28:9-21. David’s instructions to Solomon

SOLOMON BECOMES KING

1 Chronicles 29:1-30. The conclusion of David’s reign

 


MEMORIZE

1 Chronicles 19:13. Be courageous, and let’s be strong for our people and for the cities of our God. May the LORD do that which seems good to him.

1 Chronicles 22:19. Devote your hearts and souls to seeking the LORD your God. (NAB translation)

1 Chronicles 28:20b. Be strong and courageous, and do it. Don’t be afraid, nor be dismayed; for the LORD God, even my God, is with you. He will not fail you, nor forsake you, until all the work for the service of the LORD’s house is finished.

Great verses to memorize from the entire Bible

 


1 CHRONICLES

CHAPTERS: 01, 02, 03, 04, 05, 06, 07, 08, 09, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29

RESOURCES: Summary, Outline, Memorize

Unless otherwise noted, all Bible quotations on this page are from the World English Bible and the World Messianic Edition. These translations have no copyright restrictions. They are in the Public Domain.


 

todd

Author: todd

At Explore the Faith, I share insights into the Bible and theological writings. If you like what I write, become my partner by donating. Help me reach the world for the Lord Jesus Christ.