First Chronicles was written after Judah began to return from their exile in Babylon. It re-tells their history, and reassures them of God’s faithfulness to them.
In Hebrew, the book is called Divrei HaYamim, which means “The Matters of the Days.”
In Greek, it is called Paralipoménōn (Παραλειπομένων), “things left on one side”.
Our title in English comes from the 5th century scholar Jerome. He referred to the book as a chronikon.
The author is unknown, although many have thought that Ezra was the principal writer.
The books of First Chronicles and Second Chronicles were originally one scroll.
The earliest evidence of the division of the book into two is in the Septuagint, the Greek version of the Old Testament, of about 200 BC.
They were written some time after 538 BC. That is, after Judah began to return from the Babylonian exile.
The books focus primarily on the history of Judah.
First Chronicles begins with several genealogies, with special emphasis on David and Solomon.
The “chronicler” moves next to the history of the kingdom under David, stressing David’s deep interest in worship and his detailed plans for the construction of the temple—which would be built by his son Solomon.
First Chronicles was probably written to reassure the returned exiles of the LORD God’s faithfulness to them.
GENEALOGY OF JUDAH
GENEALOGY OF DAVID
GENEALOGY OF JUDAH
GENEALOGY OF SIMEON
GENEALOGIES OF THE TRIBES ACROSS THE JORDAN
GENEALOGY OF LEVI
1 Chronicles 6:1-15. The priestly lineage of Levi
1 Chronicles 6:16-30. The Levite clans
1 Chronicles 6:31-48. The temple musicians
1 Chronicles 6:49-53. Aaron’s descendents
1 Chronicles 6:54-81. Territory for the Levites
GENEALOGIES OF THE SIX NORTHERN TRIBES
1 Chronicles 7:1-5. Descendants of Issachar
1 Chronicles 7:6-12. Descendants of Benjamin
1 Chronicles 7:13. Descendants of Naphtali
1 Chronicles 7:14-19. Descendants of Manasseh
1 Chronicles 7:20-29. Descendants of Ephraim
1 Chronicles 7:30-40. Descendants of Asher
GENEALOGY OF SAUL
1 Chronicles 8:1-40. A genealogy of Saul
1 Chronicles 9:1-44. The returning exiles
THE REIGN OF DAVID
THE DEATH OF SAUL
1 Chronicles 10:1-14. The death of Saul
DAVID’S MIGHTY MEN
1 Chronicles 11:1-3. David becomes king
1 Chronicles 11:4-9. David takes Jerusalem
1 Chronicles 11:10-47. David’s mighty men
1 Chronicles 12:1-40. The mighty men join David
TRANSPORTING THE ARK
1 Chronicles 13:1-14. David moves the Ark of the Covenant improperly
DAVID BUILDS HIS EMPIRE IN JERUSALEM
1 Chronicles 14:1-2. David builds an opulent palace for himself
1 Chronicles 14:3-7. David takes many wives for himself
1 Chronicles 14:8-17. David conquers the Philistines
1 Chronicles 15:1-29. Moving the ark to Jerusalem
1 Chronicles 16:1-6. David puts the ark in a tent
1 Chronicles 16:7-36. David’s song of praise
1 Chronicles 16:37-43. Worship before the ark
DAVID DESIRES A TEMPLE
1 Chronicles 17:1-27.David wishes to build a temple for the Ark
DAVID’S FOREIGN AFFAIRS
1 Chronicles 18:1-17. David starts wars
1 Chronicles 19:1-19. War with the Ammonites
1 Chronicles 20:1-3. Joab conquers Rabbah
1 Chronicles 20:4-8. Battles with Philistine giants
DAVID TAKES A CENSUS
1 Chronicles 21:1-6. David foolishly orders a census
1 Chronicles 21:7-30. Immense suffering due to David’s census
DAVID PLANS A TEMPLE
1 Chronicles 22:1-19. David stockpiles materials for the temple
1 Chronicles 23:1-32. The divisions of the Levites
1 Chronicles 24:1-31. David organizes the priests
1 Chronicles 25:1-31. David organizes the musicians
1 Chronicles 26:1-19. David organizes the ushers
1 Chronicles 26:20-32. David organizes the administrators
1 Chronicles 27:1-34. David’s secular officials
DAVID’S FAREWELL ADDRESS
1 Chronicles 28:1-8. David’s instructions to Israel
1 Chronicles 28:9-21. David’s instructions to Solomon
1 Chronicles 29:1-30. The conclusion of David’s reign
1 Chronicles 22:19. Devote your hearts and souls to seeking the LORD your God. (NAB translation)
1 Chronicles 28:20b. Be strong and courageous, and do it. Don’t be afraid, nor be dismayed; for the LORD God, even my God, is with you. He will not fail you, nor forsake you, until all the work for the service of the LORD’s house is finished.
Unless otherwise noted, all Bible quotations on this page are from the World English Bible and the World Messianic Edition. These translations have no copyright restrictions. They are in the Public Domain.