1 Chronicles chapter 4

Other descendants of Judah. Descendants of Simeon.





VERSE 1. The sons of Judah: Perez, Hezron, Carmi, Hur, and Shobal.

The sons of Judah. These five are sequential generations.


VERSE 2. Reaiah the son of Shobal became the father of Jahath; and Jahath became the father of Ahumai and Lahad. These are the families of the Zorathites.

Reaiah. He is probably also known as Haroeh:

1 Chronicles 2:52. Shobal the father of Kiriath Jearim had sons: Haroeh, half of the Menuhoth.

Haroeh founded the Zorathites. They are most famous as the family from which Samson came.


VERSE 3. These were the sons of the father of Etam: Jezreel, Ishma, and Idbash. The name of their sister was Hazzelelponi.


VERSE 4. Penuel was the father of Gedor and Ezer the father of Hushah. These are the sons of Hur, the firstborn of Ephrathah, the father of Bethlehem.

the sons of Hur. They are the family of the Bethlehemites.


VERSE 5. Ashhur the father of Tekoa had two wives, Helah and Naarah.

the father of Tekoa. Tekoa is the village of a wise woman:

2 Samuel 14:2. Joab sent to Tekoa, and brought a wise woman from there, and said to her, “Please act like a mourner, and put on mourning clothing, please, and don’t anoint yourself with oil, but be as a woman who has mourned a long time for the dead.

Tekoa is also the home of Amos the prophet:

Amos 1:1. The words of Amos, a shepherd from Tekoa, which he received in vision concerning Israel, in the days of Uzziah, king of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam, son of Joash, king of Israel, two years before the earthquake: (NAB translation)


VERSE 6. Naarah bore him Ahuzzam, Hepher, Temeni, and Haahashtari. These were the sons of Naarah.


VERSE 7. The sons of Helah were Zereth, Izhar, and Ethnan.


VERSE 8. Hakkoz became the father of Anub, Zobebah, and the families of Aharhel the son of Harum.


VERSE 9. Jabez was more honorable than his brothers. His mother named him Jabez, saying, “Because I bore him with sorrow.”

Jabez. This word sounds similar to the Hebrew word for “pain”.


VERSE 10. Jabez called on the God of Israel, saying, “Oh that you would bless me indeed, and enlarge my border! May your hand be with me, and may you keep me from evil, that I may not cause pain!” God granted him that which he requested.

Jabez called on the God of Israel. Jabez asks God for practical things he would like to have:

  • Divine blessing
  • Prosperity (“extend my boundaries”)
  • Divine help
  • Protection from misfortune
  • Freedom from pain

In our day, we often feel inhibited to ask God for “practical” things. Why not ask God for such things as these? He can grant above all we ask or even think.

the God of Israel. The Hebrew word rendered “God” is אֱלֹהִ֑ים (“Elohim”).


VERSE 11. Chelub the brother of Shuhah became the father of Mehir, who was the father of Eshton.


VERSE 12. Eshton became the father of Beth Rapha, Paseah, and Tehinnah the father of Ir Nahash. These are the men of Recah.


VERSE 13. The sons of Kenaz: Othniel and Seraiah. The sons of Othniel: Hathath.

The Greek and Vulgate editions add “and Meonothai.”


VERSE 14. Meonothai became the father of Ophrah: and Seraiah became the father of Joab the father of Ge Harashim, for they were craftsmen.


VERSE 15. The sons of Caleb the son of Jephunneh: Iru, Elah, and Naam. The son of Elah: Kenaz.


VERSE 16. The sons of Jehallelel: Ziph, Ziphah, Tiria, and Asarel.


VERSE 17. The sons of Ezrah: Jether, Mered, Epher, and Jalon; and Mered’s wife bore Miriam, Shammai, and Ishbah the father of Eshtemoa.


VERSE 18. His wife Yehudiyah bore Jered the father of Gedor, Heber the father of Soco, and Jekuthiel the father of Zanoah. These are the sons of Bithiah the daughter of Pharaoh, whom Mered took.

Bithiah the daughter of Pharaoh. This dates the origins of the clan well before Moses’ time, back when Israel was still in a favorable relationship with Egypt.


VERSE 19. The sons of the wife of Hodiah, the sister of Naham, were the fathers of Keilah the Garmite and Eshtemoa the Maacathite.


VERSE 20. The sons of Shimon: Amnon, Rinnah, Ben Hanan, and Tilon. The sons of Ishi: Zoheth, and Ben Zoheth.


VERSE 21. The sons of Shelah the son of Judah: Er the father of Lecah, Laadah the father of Mareshah, and the families of the house of those who worked fine linen, of the house of Ashbea;


VERSE 22. and Jokim, and the men of Cozeba, and Joash, and Saraph, who had dominion in Moab, and Jashubilehem. These records are ancient.


VERSE 23. These were the potters, and the inhabitants of Netaim and Gederah; they lived there with the king for his work.




VERSE 24. The sons of Simeon: Nemuel, Jamin, Jarib, Zerah, Shaul;

The sons of Simeon. Simeon is listed after Judah. That is probably for two reasons:

  1. Simeon received no tribal allotment of its own
  2. Simeon was eventually assimilated into Judah


VERSE 25. Shallum his son, Mibsam his son, and Mishma his son.


VERSE 26. The sons of Mishma: Hammuel his son, Zaccur his son, Shimei his son.


VERSE 27. Shimei had sixteen sons and six daughters; but his brothers didn’t have many children, and all their family didn’t multiply like the children of Judah.

their family didn’t multiply like the children of Judah. The population of Simeon did not increase much.


VERSE 28. They lived at Beersheba, Moladah, Hazarshual,


VERSE 29. at Bilhah, at Ezem, at Tolad,


VERSE 30. at Bethuel, at Hormah, at Ziklag,


VERSE 31. at Beth Marcaboth, Hazar Susim, at Beth Biri, and at Shaaraim. These were their cities until David’s reign.


VERSE 32. Their villages were Etam, Ain, Rimmon, Tochen, and Ashan, five cities;


VERSE 33. and all their villages that were around the same cities, as far as Baal. These were their settlements, and they kept their genealogy.


VERSE 34. Meshobab, Jamlech, Joshah the son of Amaziah,


VERSE 35. Joel, Jehu the son of Joshibiah, the son of Seraiah, the son of Asiel,


VERSE 36. Elioenai, Jaakobah, Jeshohaiah, Asaiah, Adiel, Jesimiel, Benaiah,


VERSE 37. and Ziza the son of Shiphi, the son of Allon, the son of Jedaiah, the son of Shimri, the son of Shemaiah—


VERSE 38. these mentioned by name were princes in their families. Their fathers’ houses increased greatly.


VERSE 39. They went to the entrance of Gedor, even to the east side of the valley, to seek pasture for their flocks.


VERSE 40. They found rich, good pasture, and the land was wide, and quiet, and peaceful, for those who lived there before were descended from Ham.

They found rich, good pasture. They appropriated these lands from the original Hamitic settlers.


VERSE 41. These written by name came in the days of Hezekiah king of Judah, and struck their tents and the Meunim who were found there; and they destroyed them utterly to this day, and lived in their place, because there was pasture there for their flocks.

in the days of Hezekiah. That is, 715-686  BC.

destroyed them utterly. That is, exterminated them.


VERSE 42. Some of them, even of the sons of Simeon, five hundred men, went to Mount Seir, having for their captains Pelatiah, Neariah, Rephaiah, and Uzziel, the sons of Ishi.


VERSE 43. They struck the remnant of the Amalekites who escaped, and have lived there to this day.


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Unless otherwise noted, all Bible quotations on this page are from the World English Bible and the World Messianic Edition. These translations have no copyright restrictions. They are in the Public Domain.


Author: todd

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