The collection of 375 short pithy sayings of Solomon continues in this chapter.
THE COLLECTION OF SOLOMON’S PROVERBS CONTINUES
VERSE 1. A gentle answer turns away wrath, but a harsh word stirs up anger.
tongue of the wise commends knowledge. Wise people not only have knowledge, but they also make it attractive and desirable.
the mouth of fools gush out folly. A foolish person says far too much, revealing how foolish he really is.
VERSE 3. The LORD’s eyes are everywhere, keeping watch on the evil and the good.
deceit. The Hebrew word is selef. It means subversive, or duplicity.
crushes the spirit. Deceitful words can crush our spirit.
his father’s correction. Solomon assumes that the parent has good intentions and is not abusive. However, some parents are abusers. They mask their abusive impulses beneath the guise of disciplining their child.
much treasure. As we have seen in other passages, Solomon imagines that righteous living results in material prosperity. In other words, if you walk with God, you will get rich. And if you sin, you will be poor.
Proverbs 3:16. Length of days is in her right hand. In her left hand are riches and honor.
Proverbs 8:18. With me are riches, honor, enduring wealth, and prosperity.
Proverbs 8:21. that I may give wealth to those who love me. I fill their treasuries.
Proverbs 14:24. The crown of the wise is their riches, but the folly of fools crowns them with folly.
Proverbs 15:6. In the house of the righteous is much treasure, but the income of the wicked brings trouble.
Proverbs 22:4. The result of humility and the fear of the LORD is wealth, honor, and life.
lips of the wise spread knowledge. Wise people freely share what they know.
Proverbs 15:7. The lips of the wise spread knowledge; not so with the heart of fools.
Sirach 39:6. If the great Lord will, He shall be filled with the spirit of understanding: He shall pour forth the words of his wisdom, And in prayer give thanks to the Lord.
Matthew 10:8. Heal the sick, [raise the dead,] cleanse the lepers, and cast out demons. Freely you received, so freely give.
VERSE 8. The sacrifice made by the wicked is an abomination to the LORD, but the prayer of the upright is his delight.
VERSE 9. The way of the wicked is an abomination to the LORD, but he loves him who follows after righteousness.
whoever hates reproof shall die. To become wise we must be willing to accept correction from other people. We must be continual learners.
VERSE 11. Sheol and Abaddon are before the LORD—how much more then the hearts of the children of men!
Sheol and Abaddon. The New Testament describes heaven and eternal life. But what does the Old Testament say about life after death? Read more »
scoffer. That is, a mocker.
doesn’t love. Literally, “resents.”
VERSE 13. A glad heart makes a cheerful face; but an aching heart breaks the spirit.
VERSE 14. The heart of one who has understanding seeks knowledge, but the mouths of fools feed on folly.
VERSE 15. All the days of the afflicted are wretched, but one who has a cheerful heart enjoys a continual feast.
NAB translation: Every day is miserable for the depressed, but a lighthearted man has a continual feast.
Every day is miserable for the depressed. Feelings of sadness can be counterbalanced. Deliberately thinking good thoughts and saying good words can impact our heart and mind.
a lighthearted man has a continual feast. Rather than give in to negativity, which for some people seems almost inevitable, why not do as the Bible recommends? The memorizing of Scriptureƒ is a great way to implement that teaching.
As lovers and disciples of the LORD God, we are called to develop wholesome thinking patterns. We are to renew our mind. Read more »
little, with the fear of the LORD. It is better to be a poor person and walk with God than …
great treasure with trouble. It is not good to be rich but not walk with God.
a dinner of herbs, where love is. It is better to have a sparse meal with people you love, than …
a fattened calf with hatred. It is not good to have sumptuous meals with people you hate.
VERSE 18. A wrathful man stirs up contention, but one who is slow to anger appeases strife.
the sluggard. To be called a sluggard is a great biblical insult. Solomon often writes about the sluggardly person. Read more »
a foolish man despises his mother. But if the mother was abusive, the child will probably need to stay away from the mother.
VERSE 21. Folly is joy to one who is void of wisdom, but a man of understanding keeps his way straight.
Proverbs 20:18. Plans are established by advice; by wise guidance you wage war!
VERSE 23. Joy comes to a man with the reply of his mouth. How good is a word at the right time!
VERSE 24. The path of life leads upward for the wise, to keep him from going downward to Sheol.
keep the widow’s borders intact. Land is marked by boundaries. Those boundaries are very important. Thieves would try to steal the land of a widow by moving the boundaries. The LORD promises to keep a widow’s boundaries from being moved.
Deuteronomy 19:14. You shall not remove your neighbor’s landmark, which they of old time have set, in your inheritance which you shall inherit, in the land that the LORD your God gives you to possess.
VERSE 26. The LORD detests the thoughts of the wicked, but the thoughts of the pure are pleasing.
greedy. The Hebrew word is bbatsa. It means to cut or break off. It suggests making gain unjustly or by violence.
VERSE 28. The heart of the righteous weighs answers, but the mouth of the wicked gushes out evil.
VERSE 29. The LORD is far from the wicked, but he hears the prayer of the righteous.
The light of the eyes. The presence of a positive person is helpful and uplifting.
VERSE 31. The ear that listens to reproof lives, and will be at home among the wise.
VERSE 32. He who refuses correction despises his own soul, but he who listens to reproof gets understanding.
VERSE 33. The fear of the LORD teaches wisdom. Before honor is humility.
Unless otherwise noted, all Bible quotations on this page are from the World English Bible and the World Messianic Edition. These translations have no copyright restrictions. They are in the Public Domain.