The Medieval era of church history ran from 590 to 1417 AD. It had three subunits: Missionaries; Popes and Scholars; and Papal Schisms.
590 to 1049 AD
Gregory I the Great (died 604 AD)
40 Gospel Homilies
The Book of Morals
Isadore of Seville (died 636 AD)
Maximus the Confessor (died 662 AD)
Tortured for the faith
Life of the Virgin
Third Council of Constantinople (680-681 AD)
Ecumenical Council. In Turkey. Attended by 160 bishops. Restated the teaching of the Council of Chalcedon (451), and condemned some false teachings.
Bede the Venerable (died 735 AD)
On the Song of Songs
Ecclesiastical History of the English People
Homilies on the Gospels
John of Damascus (754 to 787 AD)
On Divine Images
Fountain of Wisdom
Second Council of Nicaea (787 AD)
Ecumenical Council. In Turkey. Declared that images could be set up and could be given honor or veneration, but not worship. Worship belongs to God alone. Iconoclasm (image-breaking) was condemned.
John Scotus Eriugena (died 840 AD)
His translation of Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite
Fourth Council of Constantinople (869-870 AD)
(Ecumenical) Council. In Turkey. Attended by more than 100 bishops. Excommunicated Photius, Patriarch of Constantinople, which caused further tension between East and West.
Cyril of Alexandria (died 885)
On the Unity of Christ
Gregory of Narek (died 1003)
Armenian mystical and lyrical poet, monk, theologian
Book of Lamentations
Commentary on the Song of Songs
POPES AND SCHOLARS
1049 to 1294 AD
Peter Damian (died 1072 AD)
The Letters of Peter Damian
Anselm of Canterbury (died 1109 AD)
Father of Scholasticism
The Procession of the Holy Spirit
First Council of the Lateran (1123 AD)
(Ecumenical) Council. In Rome. Ended the custom of investiture. The State could invest bishops and abbots with symbols of temporal authority, but had no right to invest them with spiritual authority.
Second Council of the Lateran (1139 AD)
(Ecumenical) Council. In Rome. Condemned the anti-pope, Anacletus II.
Bernard of Clairvaux (died 1140 AD)
The Steps of Humility and Pride
On Loving God
Abelard of Paris (died 1140 AD)
Hugh of St. Victor (died 1141 AD)
De Doctrina Christiana
On the Sacraments of the Christian Faith
Gratian (died 1160 AD)
Peter the Lombard (died 1160 AD)
The first ever to compose a systematic theology
Four Books of Sentences
Richard of St. Victor (died 1173 AD)
Hildegard of Bingen (died 1179)
German Benedictine abbess, writer, composer, philosopher, Christian mystic, visionary, and polymath
Third Council of the Lateran (1179 AD)
(Ecumenical) Council. In Rome. Decreed that the votes of two-thirds of the Cardinals were required for the election of a pope.
Joachim of Florie (died 1202 AD)
Fourth Council of the Lateran (1215 AD)
(Ecumenical) Council. In Rome. It declared the necessity of yearly Confession and Holy Communion, and the doctrine of Transubstantiation.
Dominic (died 1216 AD)
Francis of Assisi (died 1226 AD)
Anthony of Padua and Lisbon (died 1231 AD)
First Council of Lyon (1245 AD)
(Ecumenical) Council. In France. Discussed the Schism with the Byzantines, and the immorality of the clergy. Deposed Emperor Frederick II because of sacrilege, suspicion of heresy, perjury and disturbing the peace.
Clare of Assisi (died 1253 AD)
Second Council of Lyon (1274 AD)
(Ecumenical) Council. In France. Attended by 500 bishops, and such dignitaries as Bonaventure and Albertus Magnus. Thomas Aquinas died on his way to the Council. The Council established union between Eastern and Western Churches.
Thomas Aquinas (died 1274 AD)
Summa Contra Gentiles
Bonaventura (died 1274 AD)
A Life of St. Francis
Albert the Great (died 1280 AD)
1294 to 1417 AD
John Duns Scotus (died 1308 AD)
Philosophical Writings: A Selection
Council of Vienne (1311-1312)
(Ecumenical) Council. In France. Suppressed the order of Knights Templar, and dealt with matters related to the clergy.
Dante Alighieri (died 1321 AD)
The Divine Comedy
Meister Eckhart (died 1328 AD)
William of Ockham (died 1347 AD)
Founder of nominalism.
The Cloud of Unknowing
Catherine of Siena (died 1380 AD)
John Wycliffe (died 1384 AD)
John Hus (died 1415 AD)
The first reformer. The Catholic church burned him at the stake.
Julian of Norwich (died 1416 AD)
Council of Constance (1414-1418 AD)
(Ecumenical) Council. In Germany. Ended the Great Schism, when three men were each claiming to be the pope, and it was causing division in the Church. Condemned John Wycliffe and Jan Hus.
Unless otherwise noted, all Bible quotations on this page are from the World English Bible and the World Messianic Edition. These translations have no copyright restrictions. They are in the Public Domain.