Isaiah

The Book of Isaiah is one of the most-loved books of the Bible. Isaiah calls the elect back to a proper covenantal relationship with the LORD God.

CHAPTERS: 01, 02, 03, 04, 05, 06, 07, 08, 09, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 3435, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 5253, 54, 5556, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 6566

RESOURCES: SummaryOutline, Memorize, True Fasting


SUMMARY

Title

The book is named for its author: Isaiah the son of Amoz.

The name “Isaiah” means “YHWH is salvation.”

Author

The prophet Isaiah probably lived in Jerusalem. He may have been a cousin of king Uzziah.

Isaiah was married. His wife was a prophet.

He had two sons.

Isaiah passed away after the death of king Hezekiah, which was in 686 B.C. He ministered as a prophet for at least 58 years.

A recent trend among biblical scholars is to divide up the Book of Isaiah and claim that different people wrote the different parts.

But for almost all of history, both Jews and Christians believed it was all from Isaiah himself.

Date

Where was Isaiah situated in the history of the Hebrew people? Who were his fellow prophets? What kings were reigning? 

Making a timeframe for Isaiah is quite a project. For one thing, there are three nations to track:

  • The northern kingdom, usually referred to as Israel.
  • The southern kingdom, usually referred to as Judah.
  • That pesky nation of Assyria.

Each of those has its own line of kings. And prophets.

Sometimes the kings overlap. Any one kingdom might have more than one king at once.

The biblical narratives do not give an exhaustive portrayal of the information we needed. We need to go to other sources.

Those other sources disagree on many factors, requiring us to vet the information sources.

And sometimes we need to make an educated guess, knowing it might be wrong.

Here is our own timeline of the prophet Isaiah: open as a PDF in a new tab.

Purpose

Isaiah reminds his readers of the special relationship they have with the LORD God as members of  his covenant community.

So Isaiah calls the people of Judah back to a proper covenantal relationship with the LORD God.

Isaiah points out to his generation their state of sinful living and its consequences. Their nation will be judged and sent into exile. But later they will be restored.

Isaiah addresses two groups of people. First, the people of his own generation. They had strayed from the covenant of Moses.

And second, the people of a future generation, those who will be in exile.

 


OUTLINE

THE LORD’S INDICTMENT OF THE NATION

Isaiah 1:1. Isaiah introduces himself

Isaiah 1:2-10. The LORD God’s indictment against the nation

Isaiah 1:11-15. Stop your religious sacrifices

Isaiah 1:16-20. Four steps to change your life

Isaiah 1:21-23. The LORD’s lament over Jerusalem

Isaiah 1:24-31. The LORD declares the sentence

Isaiah 2:1-4. The evangelism of the entire world

Isaiah 2:5-11. Judah’s depraved condition

Isaiah 2:12-22. The day of reckoning

Isaiah 3:1-26. Judgment of Judah

Isaiah 4:1-6. The Branch in Jerusalem

Isaiah 5:1-30. Doomsday is on the way

Isaiah 6:1-4. Isaiah beholds the holiness of the LORD God

Isaiah 6:5-13. Isaiah is called to be a prophet to the nation

PROPHECIES OF DELIVERANCE

Isaiah 7:1-12. Isaiah commands King Ahaz to ask God for a sign

Isaiah 7:13-25. God will provide the sign of Immanuel

Isaiah 8:1-10. Isaiah had a wife and a son

Isaiah 8:11-22. Isaiah had a group of disciples

Isaiah 9:1-7. The future arrival of the Prince of Peace

Isaiah 9:8-21. The northern kingdom will fall

Isaiah 10:1-4. Your leaders create social injustice

Isaiah 10:5-26. Assyria will be the unwitting instrument of God

Isaiah 10:27-34. The invasion will be thwarted

Isaiah 11:1-16. The future Messiah

Isaiah 12:1-6. The remnant will give thanks

JUDGMENT ON THE NATIONS

Isaiah 13:1-22. Isaiah foresees the destruction of Babylon

Isaiah 14:1-2. That wonderful day

Isaiah 14:3-11. A taunt-song against the king of Babylon

Isaiah 14:12-23. The fall of Sennacherib

Isaiah 14:24-30. Assyria will destroy Babylon

Isaiah 14:31-32. A message about Philistia

Isaiah 15:1-9. A heavy message about Moab

Isaiah 16:1-14. A heavy message about Moab, continued

Isaiah 17:1-14. A heavy message about Damascus

Isaiah 18:1-7. Good news for the people of Kush

Isaiah 19:1-15. Egypt will be punished

Isaiah 19:16-18. Egypt will be controlled by Israel

Isaiah 19:19-22. Egypt will know the LORD God

Isaiah 19:23-25. Peace on earth begins

Isaiah 20:1-6. Isaiah ministers in the nude for three years

Isaiah 21:1-2. A heavy message about the fall of Babylon

Isaiah 21:3-10. The message makes Isaiah ill

Isaiah 21:11-12. A heavy message about Edom

Isaiah 21:13-17. A heavy message about Arabia

Isaiah 22:1-14. A heavy message about Jerusalem

Isaiah 22:15-19. Shebna the politician is judged

Isaiah 22:20-25. Eliakim the palace administrator is applauded

PUNISHMENT AND KINGDOM BLESSING

Isaiah 24:1-23. The destruction of the world

Isaiah 25:1-12. The successful evangelism of the whole world

Isaiah 26:1-21. Redeemed people sing thanks

Isaiah 27:1. The destiny of Leviathan and the dragon

Isaiah 27:2-11. The vineyard of Israel is made fruitful

Isaiah 27:12-13. The LORD regathers Israel

THE WOES

Isaiah 28:1-6. Woe to the northern kingdom of Samaria

Isaiah 28:7-29. Woe to the southern kingdom of Judah

Isaiah 29:1-4. The Assyrian army will surround Jerusalem

Isaiah 29:5-8. Suddenly, God will rescue Jerusalem

Isaiah 29:9-24. Jerusalem will have a spiritual awakening

Isaiah 30:1-17. Egypt cannot defend them from Assyria

Isaiah 30:18-33. The LORD’s graciousness to his people

Isaiah 31:1-3. Egypt cannot protect them

Isaiah 31:4-9. The LORD will protect them

Isaiah 32:1-8. A day of justice and righteousness

Isaiah 32:9-20. But first there will be a time of great anxiety

Isaiah 33:1-16. Woe to the destroyers

Isaiah 33:17-24. The deliverance of the righteous

VENGEANCE AND BLESSING

Isaiah 34:1-17. The LORD’S day of vengeance

Isaiah 35:1-2. The light and joy of the new life

Isaiah 35:3-4. Four outreach ministries

Isaiah 35:5-10. Benefits of reaching out to other people

JUDAH TO BE IN CAPTIVITY

Isaiah 36:1-22. Assyria invades Judah

Isaiah 37:1-7. The great faith of King Hezekiah

Isaiah 37:8-38. One angel decimates the mighty Assyrian army

Isaiah 38:1-3. Hezekiah becomes gravely ill

Isaiah 38:4-22. The LORD miraculously heals Hezekiah

Isaiah 39:1-8. Isaiah says Judah will be exiled to Babylon

DELIVERANCE OF GOD’S PEOPLE

Isaiah 40:1-11. Their time of trial is almost over

Isaiah 40:12-31. Fresh aspects of the majesty of God

Isaiah 41:1-7. The LORD challenges the nations

Isaiah 41:8-20. The LORD sovereignly protects Israel

Isaiah 41:21-29. The LORD knows the future

Isaiah 42:1-17. Servant Song #1

Isaiah 42:18-25. Israel’s current condition

Isaiah 43:1-7. Israel should not fear

Isaiah 43:8-12. Israel will be God’s witnesses to the world

Isaiah 43:13-28. God will bring them back from Babylon in a second Exodus

Isaiah 44:1-5. Israel should not be afraid

Isaiah 44:6-20. The LORD is sovereign

Isaiah 44:21-23. The LORD’s people are marked by joy

Isaiah 44:24-28. Cyrus will liberate them

Isaiah 45:1-8. Cyrus will liberate them, continued

Isaiah 45:9-13. The LORD is sovereign over creation

Isaiah 45:14-19. Gentiles will come to faith in the LORD God

Isaiah 45:20-25. The LORD evangelizes the Gentiles

Isaiah 46:1-13. The gods of Babylon

Isaiah 47:1-15. Isaiah predicts the fall of the Babylonian Empire

Isaiah 48:1-11. Remember the prophecies about their captivity in Babylon

Isaiah 48:12-19. Remember God’s sovereignty

Isaiah 48:20-22. Flee Babylon

RESTORATION BY THE SUFFERING SERVANT

Isaiah 49:1-7. The LORD’s Servant will will evangelize the Gentiles

Isaiah 49:8-26. The LORD’s Servant will restore Israel

Isaiah 50:1-3. The LORD sends Zion away

Isaiah 50:4-6. The life of the Suffering Servant

Isaiah 50:7-9. The great resolve of the Suffering Servant

Isaiah 50:10-11. The followers of the Suffering Servant are to trust the LORD

Isaiah 51:1-3. Isaiah speaks to Pentecostals and Seekers

Isaiah 51:4-8. Isaiah speaks to the world

Isaiah 51:9-11. The faithful remnant prays for deliverance from Babylon

Isaiah 51:12-23. The LORD promises deliverance from Babylon

Isaiah 52:1-12. The LORD will free Jerusalem

Isaiah 52:13-15. The Servant of the LORD will be exalted and glorified

Isaiah 53:1-12. The Servant of the LORD

Isaiah 54:1-17. Great salvation will come to Israel

Isaiah 55:1-13. Help people come to the water

Isaiah 56:1-8. A massive global  evangelization

Isaiah 56:9-12. Religious leaders are corrupt

Isaiah 57:1-13. Israel fell into moral depravity

Isaiah 57:14-21. The LORD God offers forgiveness

RESTORATION REALIZED AND COMPLETED

Isaiah 58:1-5. False worship is doing religious deeds

Isaiah 58:6-14. True worship is how we treat other people

Isaiah 59:1-15a. Sin has separated Israel from the LORD God

Isaiah 59:15b-21. Only the LORD God can save Israel

Isaiah 60:1-3. The LORD’s glory will shine on Israel

Isaiah 60:4-9. The wealth of the nations will come to Israel

Isaiah 60:10-14. Israel will be first among the nations

Isaiah 60:15-22. Israel will be righteous

Isaiah 61:1-3. The outreach ministries of the future Messiah

Isaiah 61:4-11. Israel will be rebuilt and restored to glory

Isaiah 62:1-3. The LORD God delights in Jerusalem

Isaiah 62:4-5. The LORD God will marry Jerusalem

Isaiah 62:6-12. The LORD God will restore Jerusalem

Isaiah 63:1-6. The return of the LORD God in splendor and glory

Isaiah 63:7-19. The remnant prays for release from Babylon

Isaiah 64:1-7. The remnant asks the LORD God to work on their behalf

Isaiah 64:8-12. The remnant professes their trust in the LORD God

Isaiah 65:1-7. Divine judgment against Israel was necessary

Isaiah 65:8-12. A faithful remnant will be preserved

Isaiah 65:13-16. Holy living will be blessed

Isaiah 65:17-25. Heaven and earth will be made new

Isaiah 66:1-2. The LORD esteems humble people who love the Bible

Isaiah 66:3-6. The LORD judges the obligation-mindset

Isaiah 66:7-21. The LORD restores Jerusalem

Isaiah 66:22-24. The new heavens and the new earth

 


MEMORIZE

Here are some great verses to memorize:

Isaiah 5:20. Woe unto them that call evil good, and good evil; that put darkness for light, and light for darkness; that put bitter for sweet, and sweet for bitter! (KJV translation)

Isaiah 6:8. I heard the Lord’s voice, saying, “Whom shall I send, and who will go for us?” Then I said, “Here I am. Send me!”

Isaiah 7:9b. If you do not stand firm in your faith, you will not stand at all. (NIV translation)

Isaiah 7:11. Ask a sign of the LORD your God; ask it either in the depth, or in the height above.

Isaiah 25:6. In this mountain, the LORD of Hosts will make all peoples a feast of choice meat, a feast of choice wines, of choice meat full of marrow, of well refined choice wines.

Isaiah 26:3. Thou wilt keep him in perfect peace, whose mind is stayed on thee: because he trusteth in thee. (KJV translation)

Isaiah 30:21. Whether you turn your ears to the right or to the left, your ears will hear a voice behind you, saying, “This is the way; walk in it.” (NIV translation)

Isaiah 32:15. until the Spirit is poured on us from on high, and the wilderness becomes a fruitful field, and the fruitful field is considered a forest.

Isaiah 40:31. But they that wait upon the LORD shall renew their strength; they shall mount up with wings as eagles; they shall run, and not be weary; and they shall walk, and not faint. (KJV translation)

Isaiah 41:10. Fear thou not; for I am with thee: be not dismayed; for I am thy God: I will strengthen thee; yea, I will help thee; yea, I will uphold thee with the right hand of my righteousness. (KJV translation)

Isaiah 41:15. See, I will make you into a threshing sledge, new and sharp, with many teeth. You will thresh the mountains and crush them, and reduce the hills to chaff. (NIV translation)

Isaiah 42:16. I will lead the blind on their journey; by paths unknown I will guide them. I will turn darkness into light before them, and make crooked ways straight. These things I do for them, and I will not forsake them. (NAB translation)

Isaiah 43:1. But now, this is what the LORD says – he who created you, O Jacob, he who formed you, O Israel: “Fear not, for I have redeemed you; I have summoned you by name; you are mine.” (NIV 1984 translation)

Isaiah 43:4. Since you are precious and honored in my sight, and because I love you, I will give men in exchange for you, and people in exchange for your life. (NIV 1984 translation)

Isaiah 43:18. Remember not the events of the past, the things of long ago consider not. (NAB translation)

Isaiah 43:19. See, I am doing something new! Now it springs forth, do you not perceive it? In the desert I make a way, in the wasteland, rivers. (NAB translation)

Isaiah 45:3. I will give you treasures out of the darkness, and riches that have been hidden away, That you may know that I am the LORD, the God of Israel, who calls you by your name. (NAB translation)

Isaiah 45:17. But the LORD will save the people of Israel with eternal salvation. Throughout everlasting ages, they will never again be humiliated and disgraced. (NLT translation)

Isaiah 49:6. Indeed, he says, “It is too light a thing that you should be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to restore the preserved of Israel. I will also give you as a light to the nations, that you may be my salvation to the end of the earth.”

Isaiah 50:7. Because the Sovereign LORD helps me, I will not be disgraced. Therefore I have set my face like flint, and I know I shall not be put to shame. (NIV translation)

Isaiah 52:7. How beautiful on the mountains are the feet of him who brings good news, who publishes peace, who brings good news, who proclaims salvation, who says to Zion, “Your God reigns!”

Isaiah 53:1. Who has believed our message? To whom has the LORD’s arm been revealed?

Isaiah 53:2. He grew up before him like a tender shoot, and like a root out of dry ground. He had no beauty to attract us to him, nothing in his appearance that we should desire him. (NIV 1984 translation)

Isaiah 53:3. He was despised and rejected by men, a man of suffering and acquainted with disease. He was despised as one from whom men hide their face; and we didn’t respect him.

Isaiah 53:4. Surely he has borne our sickness and carried our suffering; yet we considered him plagued, struck by God, and afflicted.

Isaiah 53:5. But he was pierced for our transgressions. He was crushed for our iniquities. The punishment that brought our peace was on him; and by his wounds we are healed.

Isaiah 53:6. We all, like sheep, have gone astray, each of us has turned to his own way; and the LORD has laid on him the iniquity of us all. (NIV 1984 translation)

Isaiah 53:7. He was oppressed, yet when he was afflicted he didn’t open his mouth. As a lamb that is led to the slaughter, and as a sheep that before its shearers is silent, so he didn’t open his mouth.

Isaiah 53:8. He was taken away by oppression and judgment. As for his generation, who considered that he was cut off out of the land of the living and stricken for the disobedience of my people?

Isaiah 54:17. No weapon that is formed against thee shall prosper; and every tongue that shall rise against thee in judgment thou shalt condemn. This is the heritage of the servants of the LORD, and their righteousness is of me, saith the LORD. (KJV translation)

Isaiah 55:1. All you who are thirsty, come to the water! You who have no money, come, receive grain and eat; Come, without paying and without cost, drink wine and milk! (NAB translation)

Isaiah 55:2. Why do you spend money for that which is not bread, and your labor for that which doesn’t satisfy? Listen diligently to me, and eat that which is good, and let your soul delight itself in richness.

Isaiah 55:3. Turn your ear, and come to me. Hear, and your soul will live. I will make an everlasting covenant with you, even the sure mercies of David.

Isaiah 55:4.  Behold, I have given him for a witness to the peoples, a leader and commander to the peoples.

Isaiah 55:5. Surely you will summon nations you know not, and nations that do not know you will hasten to you, because of the LORD your God, the Holy One of Israel, for he has endowed you with splendor. (NIV 1984 translation)

Isaiah 55:6. Seek the LORD while he may be found. Call on him while he is near.

Isaiah 55:7. Let the wicked forsake his way, and the unrighteous man his thoughts. Let him return to the LORD, and he will have mercy on him, to our God, for he will freely pardon.

Isaiah 55:8. For my thoughts are not your thoughts, and your ways are not my ways,” says the LORD.

Isaiah 55:9. As the heavens are higher than the earth, so are my ways higher than your ways and my thoughts than your thoughts. (NIV translation)

Isaiah 55:10. For as the rain comes down and the snow from the sky, and doesn’t return there, but waters the earth, and makes it grow and bud, and gives seed to the sower and bread to the eater;

Isaiah 55:11. so is my word that goes out of my mouth: it will not return to me void, but it will accomplish that which I please, and it will prosper in the thing I sent it to do.

Isaiah 55:12. For you shall go out with joy, and be led out with peace. The mountains and the hills will break out before you into singing; and all the trees of the fields will clap their hands.

Isaiah 55:13. Instead of the thorn the cypress tree will come up; and instead of the brier the myrtle tree will come up. It will make a name for the LORD, for an everlasting sign that will not be cut off.”

Isaiah 58:6. Is this not the kind of fasting I have chosen: to loose the chains of injustice and untie the cords of the yoke, to set the oppressed free and break every yoke, to set the oppressed free and break every yoke? (NIV translation)

Isaiah 58:7. Is it not to share your food with the hungry and to provide the poor wanderer with shelter – when you see the naked, to clothe him, and not to turn away from your own flesh and blood? (NIV translation)

Isaiah 58:8. Then your light will break forth like the dawn, and your healing will quickly appear; then your righteousness will go before you, and the glory of the LORD will be your rear guard. (NIV translation)

Isaiah 58:9. Then you will call, and the LORD will answer; you will cry for help, and he will say: Here am I. (NIV translation)

Isaiah 58:11. The LORD will guide you always; he will satisfy your needs in a sun-scorched land and will strengthen your frame. You will be like a well-watered garden, like a spring whose waters never fail. (NIV translation)

Isaiah 59:2. But your iniquities have separated you and your God, and your sins have hidden his face from you, so that he will not hear.

Isaiah 61:7. Because you got a double dose of trouble and more than your share of contempt, your inheritance in the land will be doubled and your joy go on forever. (MSG translation)

Isaiah 66:2b. This is the one I esteem: he who is humble and contrite in spirit, and trembles at my word. (NIV translation)

SEE ALSO:

Great verses to memorize from the entire Bible

 


ISAIAH

CHAPTERS: 01, 02, 03, 04, 05, 06, 07, 08, 09, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 3435, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 5253, 54, 5556, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 6566

RESOURCES: SummaryOutline, Memorize, True Fasting

Unless otherwise noted, all Bible quotations on this page are from the World English Bible and the World Messianic Edition. These translations have no copyright restrictions. They are in the Public Domain.


 

Author: todd

At Explore the Faith, I share insights into the Bible and theological writings. If you like what I write, become my partner by donating. Help me reach the world for the Lord Jesus Christ.