Isaiah chapter 27

Isaiah reveals the destiny of Leviathan and the dragon. The vineyard of Israel is made fruitful. The LORD regathers Israel.





VERSE 1. In that day, the LORD with his hard and great and strong sword will punish leviathan, the fleeing serpent, and leviathan the twisted serpent; and he will kill the dragon that is in the sea.

NLT translation. In that day the LORD will take his terrible, swift sword and punish Leviathan, the swiftly moving serpent, the coiling, writhing serpent. He will kill the dragon of the sea.

terrible, swift sword. “He hath loosed the fateful lightning of his terrible swift sword.”

Leviathan. Leviathan is a great serpent called Leviathan. This gliding … coiling serpent is the many-headed sea dragon.

Job 3:8.  Let them curse it who curse the day, who are ready to rouse up leviathan.

Psalm 74:13-14. You divided the sea by your strength. You broke the heads of the sea monsters in the waters. 14 You broke the heads of Leviathan in pieces. You gave him as food to people and desert creatures.

Isaiah 27:1. In that day, the LORD with his hard and great and strong sword will punish leviathan, the fleeing serpent, and leviathan the twisted serpent; and he will kill the dragon that is in the sea.

the dragon. The dragon is a big part of the Book of Revelation.




VERSE 2. In that day, sing to her, “A pleasant vineyard!

A pleasant vineyard. That is, Israel.


VERSE 3. I, the LORD, am its keeper. I will water it every moment. Lest anyone damage it, I will keep it night and day.


VERSE 4. Wrath is not in me, but if I should find briers and thorns, I would do battle! I would march on them and I would burn them together.


VERSE 5. Or else let him take hold of my strength, that he may make peace with me. Let him make peace with me.”

NAB translation. He must make peace with me; peace shall he make with me!

make peace with me. That is, turn back to God. Put yourself under God’s power.


VERSE 6. In days to come, Jacob will take root. Israel will blossom and bud. They will fill the surface of the world with fruit.

NLT translation. The time is coming when my people will take root. Israel will bud and blossom and fill the whole earth with her fruit!

fill the whole earth with her fruit! God looks for us to actually produce fruit.

God is patient, waiting for it, like the vinedresser who fertilized the unfruitful tree for one more year. But eventually, to some degree, fruitfulness can be seen as a viable litmus test of whether we walk with God or not.

2 Peter 1:8. For if these things are yours and abound, they make you to not be idle or unfruitful in the knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ.

Jesus speaks of fruitfulness in the context of evangelism. He calls us to be the salt and light of the world. Conversely, Jesus says unfruitful branches will be cut off and thrown into the fire.

How can you grow in fruitfulness?


VERSE 7. Has he struck them as he struck those who struck them? Or are they killed like those who killed them were killed?

NAB translation. Is he to be smitten as his smitter was smitten? or slain as his slayer was slain?


VERSE 8. In measure, when you send them away, you contend with them. He has removed them with his rough blast in the day of the east wind.


VERSE 9. Therefore by this the iniquity of Jacob will be forgiven, and this is all the fruit of taking away his sin: that he makes all the stones of the altar as chalk stones that are beaten in pieces, so that the Asherah poles and the incense altars shall rise no more.

the iniquity of Jacob will be forgiven. That is, this is how their wickedness will be purged.


VERSE 10. For the fortified city is solitary, a habitation deserted and forsaken, like the wilderness. The calf will feed there, and there he will lie down, and consume its branches.


VERSE 11. When its boughs are withered, they will be broken off. The women will come and set them on fire, for they are a people of no understanding. Therefore he who made them will not have compassion on them, and he who formed them will show them no favor.

they are a people of no understanding. Isaiah says Israel is a foolish and stupid nation. Their stupidity that they ignored God.




VERSE 12. It will happen in that day that the LORD will thresh from the flowing stream of the Euphrates to the brook of Egypt; and you will be gathered one by one, children of Israel.

you will be gathered one by one. The LORD will gather them together. This is the great Regathering.


VERSE 13. It will happen in that day that a great shofar will be blown; and those who were ready to perish in the land of Assyria, and those who were outcasts in the land of Egypt, shall come; and they will worship the LORD in the holy mountain at Jerusalem.

NLT translation. In that day the great trumpet will sound. Many who were dying in exile in Assyria and Egypt will return to Jerusalem to worship the LORD on his holy mountain.

the great trumpet will sound. The trumpet will sound, like it does in the Book of Revelation.

return to Jerusalem. Its always about returning to Jerusalem. Those who are lost will be led back home to Jerusalem.

God seeks out those who are “lost.” We see that in the Good Shepherd who goes after the lost sheep. In our own lives, we imitate that impulse by aiming to introduce lost people to Jesus Christ.

Have you had the experience of being spiritually lost? If you were deeply lost and then found, you must have some deep appreciation of having been “rescued.

How can we grow in compassion for those who are spiritually lost? How can we actually reach out to them with the message of Jesus Christ?


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Unless otherwise noted, all Bible quotations on this page are from the World English Bible and the World Messianic Edition. These translations have no copyright restrictions. They are in the Public Domain.


Author: todd

At Explore the Faith, I share insights into the Bible and theological writings. If you like what I write, become my partner by donating. Help me reach the world for the Lord Jesus Christ.