Psalm 139

The LORD is Omniscient (he knows everything). He is Omnipresent (he is everywhere). He is Omnipotent (he can do anything). David will be loyal to the LORD.



NOTE: The word “Omniscient” means God knows everything.


VERSE 1. LORD, you have searched me, and you know me.

you have searched me. The LORD knows everything about us.

Sirach 23:20. All things were known to him or ever they were created; And in like manner also after they were perfected.


VERSE 2. You know my sitting down and my rising up. You perceive my thoughts from afar.

you know. Nothing is hidden from the LORD. He perceives it all, including our thoughts and feelings. But some people have a very limited concept of God. They imagine that they can hide things from him.

Sirach 23:20. All things were known to him or ever they were created; And in like manner also after they were perfected.


VERSE 3. You search out my path and my lying down, and are acquainted with all my ways.

my path. Whether we are traveling or at home, the LORD is there with us.


VERSE 4. For there is not a word on my tongue, but, behold, LORD, you know it altogether.

a word in my tongue. The LORD knows what we are going to say, even before we say it.


VERSE 5. You hem me in behind and before. You laid your hand on me.

laid your hand on me. God places his hand of blessing upon our head.


VERSE 6. This knowledge is beyond me. It’s lofty. I can’t attain it.



NOTE: The word “Omnipresent” means God is everywhere.


VERSE 7. Where could I go from your Spirit? Or where could I flee from your presence?

Psalm 139:7-8. Where could I go from your Spirit? Or where could I flee from your presence? 8 If I ascend up into heaven, you are there. If I make my bed in Sheol, behold, you are there!

Amos 9:2. Though they dig into Sheol, there my hand will take them; and though they climb up to heaven, there I will bring them down.

Romans 8:38-39. For I am persuaded that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor things present, nor things to come, nor powers, 39 nor height, nor depth, nor any other created thing will be able to separate us from God’s love which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.


VERSE 8. If I ascend up into heaven, you are there. If I make my bed in Sheol, behold, you are there!

heaven … Sheol. The New Testament describes heaven and eternal life. But what does the Old Testament say about life after death? Read more »


VERSE 9. If I take the wings of the dawn, and settle in the uttermost parts of the sea;


VERSE 10. Even there your hand will lead me, and your right hand will hold me.

your hand will lead me. God’s “hand” is there to lead us, if we desire it.

right hand. The Bible often mentions “the right hand” of God. That is a position of power and honor. We believe it refers to Jesus Christ. More verses about the right hand.

hold me. That is, make me feel secure.


VERSE 11. If I say, “Surely the darkness will overwhelm me; the light around me will be night;”


VERSE 12. even the darkness doesn’t hide from you, but the night shines as the day. The darkness is like light to you.

the darkness doesn’t hide from you. Even if we are in a very dark time of life, that darkness does not conceal us from God.

the night shines as the day. To God, the darkest night is the same as the brightest day.

  • John of the Cross wrote about a spiritual realm called The Dark Night. To the individual person, this Dark Night is a terrible period of spiritual darkness and deprivation. It feels as if God has abandoned the soul.
  • But The Dark Night is a time of very special favor from God. He is “weaning” the soul of its spiritually juvenile relationship with him. He does this by temporarily sequestering the soul into the Dark Night. The individual does not know it, but this Dark Night shines as the noon day.

The darkness is like light to you. To God, darkness and light are the same.



NOTE: The word “Omnipotent” means God can do anything.


VERSE 13. For you formed my inmost being. You knit me together in my mother’s womb.


VERSE 14. I will give thanks to you, for I am fearfully and wonderfully made. Your works are wonderful. My soul knows that very well.

I am fearfully and wonderfully made. David is not hesitant to say this aloud. He has a very healthy self-image. Do you see yourself as awesomely made?


VERSE 15. My frame wasn’t hidden from you, when I was made in secret, woven together in the depths of the earth.

I was made in secret. God watched as we were formed.


VERSE 16. Your eyes saw my body. In your book they were all written, the days that were ordained for me, when as yet there were none of them.

they were all written. God “foreknew” our destiny, even before it took place. That is called the “foreknowledge” of God.


VERSE 17. How precious to me are your thoughts, God! How vast is their sum!

your thoughts. The thoughts of God are precious indeed!

How vast is their sum. How could we possibly tally up the number of thoughts of God?


VERSE 18. If I would count them, they are more in number than the sand. When I wake up, I am still with you.

more in number than the sands. We can’t begin to “count” the number of God’s thoughts.




VERSE 19. If only you, God, would kill the wicked. Get away from me, you bloodthirsty men!


VERSE 20. For they speak against you wickedly. Your enemies take your name in vain.


VERSE 21. LORD, don’t I hate those who hate you? Am I not grieved with those who rise up against you?


VERSE 22. I hate them with perfect hatred. They have become my enemies.


VERSE 23. Search me, God, and know my heart. Try me, and know my thoughts.

try me. David is asking God to test him. In our own lives, there are likely already enough trials and hardships. We probably don’t need to ask God for more of them.


VERSE 24. See if there is any wicked way in me, and lead me in the everlasting way.

lead me in the everlasting way. David wants to grow. He wants to grow in his relationship with the LORD. His relationship with the LORD is not stagnant. He is not stuck at the same point as he was decades ago.


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Unless otherwise noted, all Bible quotations on this page are from the World English Bible and the World Messianic Edition. These translations have no copyright restrictions. They are in the Public Domain.


Author: todd

At Explore the Faith, I share insights into the Bible and theological writings. If you like what I write, become my partner by donating. Help me reach the world for the Lord Jesus Christ.